Julio Antonio Mella


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Mella, Julio Antonio

 

(real name, Nicanor McPart-land). Born Mar. 25, 1903, in Havana; died Jan. 10, 1929, in Mexico City. Cuban youth leader and Communist.

After entering the University of Havana, Mella headed the movement for university reform, which led to the creation of the Federation of University Students (1923). In 1924 he joined the Havana Union of Communists. In 1925, Mella founded the Anti-imperialist League of Cuba; in the same year, he was elected to the Central Committee of the Communist Party at the party’s constituent congress.

In 1926, persecuted by Cuban authorities, Mella emigrated to Mexico; there he joined the Communist Party of Mexico and was elected to its central committee. In 1927, Mella visited the USSR. After his return, he founded the Association of New Revolutionary Cuban Emigrants (1927) and the Association of Proletarian Students (1928). Mella was assassinated by agents of the Cuban dictator G. Machado.

WORKS

Cuba, un pueblo que nunca ha sido libre. Havana, 1924.
Glosas al pensamiento de Martí. Mexico, 1926.
El grito de los mártires. Mexico, 1926.
References in periodicals archive ?
These forces included the failed revolt in the early 1920s by the veterans of the Spanish-American-Cuban war, the emergence of young, radical, and largely middle class nationalists such as Ruben Martinez Villena and Julio Antonio Mella in the 1920s, the rise of organized labour, especially in the sugar industry, the formation and role of the Cuban Communist Party through the depression decade, and the capacity of Batista to mold these and other contending groups into a political force.
The latter fascination, however, led to her involvement with one of the most shocking events in the history of Stalinism: the assassination of Julio Antonio Mella, a Cuban-born Communist whose real name was Nicanor McPartland.
And she never again publicly, or in secret Communist documents, alluded to Julio Antonio Mella.