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Junín(ho͞onēn`), city (1991 pop. 70,138), Buenos Aires prov., E Argentina, on the Salado River. It is a busy commercial center for an agricultural and livestock area. There are important railroad repair shops. Its fishing industry has developed gradually. Junín began as a frontier fort (est. 1827) during the struggle against the Native Americans of Pampa.
Junín,city (1993 pop. 16,183), W central Peru, in the Andes. In the vicinity on Aug. 6, 1824, Simón BolívarBolívar, Simón
, 1783–1830, South American revolutionary who led independence wars in the present nations of Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.
..... Click the link for more information. , aided by Antonio José de SucreSucre, Antonio José de
, 1795–1830, South American revolutionist, b. Cumaná, Venezuela. He joined (1811) the forces fighting for independence from Spain and rose to be the chief lieutenant of Simón Bolívar.
..... Click the link for more information. , defeated the Spanish general José Canterac in the first important battle leading to Peruvian independence. The surrounding area is rich in mineral, hydroelectric, and agricultural resources.
a city in Argentina, in Buenos Aires Province. Population, 59,000 (1970). Junín has a railroad station. The city is the center of an agricultural region that produces grains and beef cattle. Industry includes food processing and the manufacture of ceramic ware and furniture.