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any species of the genus Amelanchier of the family Rosaceae (rose family), chiefly North American shrubs or trees conspicuous in the early spring for their white blossoms.
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(Amelanchier), a plant genus of the family Rosa-ceae. The Juneberry is a shrub or small tree, with deciduous round or oval leaves that are dark green on top, light green on the bottom, and dark or yellowish red in autumn. The flowers are white or cream-colored and are gathered into corymb-like racemes at the end of the shoots. The fruit is round and blue-black or reddish violet, with a diameter of up to 10 mm; it is sweet and edible, ripening in July. The Juneberry can grow in almost any soil.
Approximately 25 species are known in North America, North Africa, Western Europe, the Caucasus, and the Crimea. The most widely known species is Amelanchier rotundifolia, which is cultivated for its fruit and nectar and as a decorative plant. Juneberries are reproduced by sowing seeds, grafting roots, and dividing the shrub. A. canadensis is also cultivated; it has greater frost resistance than A. rotundifera.