(stage name, Noorlein; also Karl Khansovich Iungkhol’ts). Born Dec. 21, 1878, in Kivijärve; died Nov. 26, 1925, in Tallinn. Estonian stage director, actor, and teacher.
From 1901 to 1905, Jungholz directed the Taara Theatrical Circle in Tartu. He worked at the Vanemuine Theater from 1907 to 1908 and joined the Estonia Theater in 1909. He established realism in the Estonian theater, developed a strong acting ensemble, and staged serious plays stressing social criticism, including works by H. Ibsen and E. Vilde. His best productions were of Shakespeare’s Othello (1910), King Lear (1911), and Hamlet (1913), Kitzberg’s The Püve Farmstead (1911, 1925) and The Werewolf (1915), Goethe’s Egmonl (1912), Schiller’s William Tell (1921), and Vilde’s An Elusive Miracle (1925).