Serra, Junipero

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Serra, Junipero

(1713–84) missionary; born in Petra, Majorca. He entered the Franciscan Order in 1730 and arrived in Mexico City in 1750. He founded nine missions in present-day California (including San Diego and San Francisco) and was responsible for the baptism of over 6,000 Indians. He was beatified by the Roman Catholic Church in 1988.
References in periodicals archive ?
We are all too familiar with the latter mystery of rampant evil that has kept us in a desert and barren land for more than 40 years; perhaps we do need very serious Lenten penance, like Junipero Serra, walking the 440 km to Mexico City and then spending his night at prayer, at the Basilica of Guadeloupe.
Everyone here knows about the Carmel Mission and Father Junipero Serra.
In charge of the new missions was Franciscan padre Junipero Serra, who had only recently taken over the former Jesuit missions on the peninsula.
Much has changed since Father Junipero Serra established the first of the California missions on San Diego's Presidio Hill in 1769 and claimed the spot for the Spanish crown.
Still, his basic framework allows him to weave interesting threads through centuries of history and to present the reader with a cast of fascinating characters, ranging from Junipero Serra, the 18th-century Spanish missionary who has always been seen as both a beneficent "civilizer" of native Americans and "a tool of pure Spanish imperialism and a brutal enslaver of the Indians"; William Walker, the San Francisco-based "filibuster" who, in the mid-1800s, launched various attempts to take over Latin American countries, including one that left him, briefly, in charge of Nicaragua; and Jaime de Angulo, the Paris-born ethnographer who helped transform Big Sur into a Bohemian arts center.
He deals in special depth with the Franciscan missions in California, and the contemporary results, especially the controversy in 1988 surrounding the beatification of Padre Junipero Serra.
In 1970, Don and I camped in the desert in Baja California near the ruin of San Juan de Dios de las Yagas, which had been the jumping-off place for Father Junipero Serra before he founded all those missions in California.
But no Franciscan is closer to the heart of North Americans, particularly Californians, than the Spanish-born Junipero Serra who was beatified by Pope John Paul II in 1988.
Sibelius Sales, 2001 Junipero Serra Blvd, Suite 200, Duly City, CA 94014; (888) 474-2354; infoUSA@sibelius.
Led by Junipero Serra of the Franciscan order, Spanish soldiers forced the Indians to build the Catholic missions and then enslaved them there, at least according to a recent account from a column published by a prominent California newspaper.