Juno

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Juno

(jo͞o`nō), in astronomy, 3d asteroidasteroid,
 planetoid,
or minor planet,
small body orbiting the sun. More than 300,000 asteroids have been identified and cataloged; more than a million are believed to exist in the main belt between Mars and Jupiter, with many more in the Kuiper belt
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 to be discovered. It was found in 1804 by C. Harding. It has a diameter of c.120 mi (190 km). Its average distance from the sun is 2.67 astronomical unitsastronomical unit
(AU), mean distance between the earth and sun; one AU is c.92,960,000 mi (149,604,970 km). The astronomical unit is the principal unit of measurement within the solar system, e.g., Mercury is just over 1-3 AU and Pluto is about 39 AU from the sun.
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, and its orbital period is 1,594 days.

Juno,

in Roman religion and mythology, wife and sister of Jupiter. In early Roman times she, like the Greek Hera (with whom she was later identified), was goddess and protector of women, concerned especially with their sexual life. In later religion she became, however, the great goddess of the state and was worshiped, in conjunction with Jupiter and Minerva, at the temple on the Capitol.

Juno

((3) Juno) The third asteroid to be discovered, found in 1804 by Karl Ludwig Harding. With a diameter of about 267 km it is the smallest of the first four asteroids to be found and numbered. It is a main belt asteroid, ranking as the seventh-largest of all the asteroids we know. It has a spectrum similar to that of the stony-iron meteorites and is an S-type asteroid. Juno is unusually reflective, attaining a magnitude at opposition of 7.5. See Table 3, backmatter.

Juno

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Roman goddess, identified with the Greek goddess Hera. Described as the "Queen of the Gods," her chief function was to supervise the life of women, acting as protector. Under one or another of her aspects, Juno accompanied every woman throughout life, from birth to death.

She was entreated by women in labor as Juno Lucina. A temple to her was built on the Esquiline in 735 BCE, only a few years after the founding of Rome. The festival of Juno Lucina, the Matronalia, was celebrated by Roman matrons on the Kalends of March. As Iuno Couella, she has lunar associations. One of her oldest titles was Juno Lucetia, in which aspect she was the feminine principle of the celestial light. As a moon goddess she was coupled with Diana. The Kalends—time of the new moon—was under her protection.

Juno seems to have had no original connection with Jupiter, or with any god other than possibly Janus, one of whose titles was lunonius. Later, however, Juno came to be regarded as the sister and consort of Jupiter. The month of June is named after her, although her festival, Nonae Caprotinae, is on July 7. Her bird was the peacock.

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Enlarge picture
A sixteenth-century woodcut of Jupiter, Juno, Neptune, and Mercury from Greek mythology. Reproduced by permission of Fortean Picture Library.

Juno

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

The asteroids are small planet-like bodies that orbit the Sun in a belt that lies mostly between Mars and Jupiter. They first dawned on human consciousness in the early 1800s. The first four asteroids to be sighted were given the names of four of the great goddesses of classical antiquity: Ceres (discovered in 1801), Pallas Athene (discovered in 1802), Juno (discovered in 1804), and Vesta (discovered in 1807).

Many more asteroids were soon discovered, so that by the end of the nineteenth century, over a thousand were known. The first asteroid ephemeris (a table listing planetary positions) was made available to astrologers in 1973 by Eleanor Bach, and it covered only the original four. Today astrologers have computer software developed by Mark Pottenger that tracks the placements of over nine thousand.

Among the thousands of asteroids known, Ceres, Pallas, Juno, and Vesta have a special place. While these are not necessarily the largest asteroids, they were the first to be discovered, and as such they have imprinted themselves on human consciousness in a significant way. They also complete the female pantheon of goddesses, rounding out the system of symbols begun in the usual 10 planets. Of the six great goddesses of Olympus, only Aphrodite (Venus) and Artemis (the Moon) are represented in the conventional astrological symbol system. The other four great goddesses of Graeco-Roman mythology—Demeter (Ceres), Athene (Pallas), Hera (Juno), and Hestia (Vesta)—were missing from astrology until they were reinvoked by their discovery in the early 1800s.

Juno, the third asteroid to be discovered, represents a third stage of life. After the Pallas stage of going out into the world, possibly to have a career, one is ready to encounter one’s equal and embark upon the journey of partnership that usually takes the form of marriage.

The glyph for Juno suggests a scepter, befitting the queen of the gods, and a flower, befitting her femininity. In general form, the glyph for Juno resembles that for Venus; but instead of the circle denoting Venus’s mirror, there are outward-pointing rays, indicating that the seductive femininity of Venus is about to turn outward, bearing fruit in marriage and children.

In classical mythology, Juno, known to the Greeks as Hera, was wedded to Jupiter (Greek Zeus), supreme king of heaven and earth. As such, she became his queen and the goddess of marriage. In the myths of an earlier time, however, long before her meeting with Jupiter, Juno was one of the primary great goddesses in her own right. As the only one who was his equal, Juno was chosen by Jupiter to initiate with him the rites of legal, monogamous, patriarchally defined marriage. As his queen, she became but a figurehead and was repeatedly deceived, betrayed, and humiliated by her husband’s many infidelities. In the myths Juno was portrayed as a jealous, manipulative, vindictive, revengeful, and malcontent wife who, after tempestuous fights, would periodically leave her husband. However, she always returned to try to work things out one more time.

In the human psyche, Juno represents that aspect of each person’s nature that feels the urge to unite with another person to build a future together in a committed relationship. This partnership is sustained over time through a formal and binding commitment, whether it be a worldly or a spiritual bond. Juno speaks to one’s desire to connect with a mate who is one’s true equal on all levels—psychologically, emotionally, mentally, and spiritually.

When we do not receive intimacy, depth, equality, honesty, respect, and fulfillment in our unions, Juno speaks to our emotions of disappointment, despair, anger, and rage, which can overwhelm us. This is especially true when we have given up a great deal, such as a career, family, home, or religion, to enter the relationship. The Juno in us makes us confront the issues of submission and domination, fidelity and infidelity, trust and deception, and forgiveness and revenge. In her realm, we find ourselves in power struggles for equality as we attempt to balance and integrate ourselves with another person and learn to transform selfish desires into cooperative union.

Within a context of separation and return, Juno encourages us to take the vow of “for better or worse, in sickness and health, till death us do part.” She brings the wisdom that conscious relationship is a path to spiritual enlightenment, and the knowledge that relationships allow us to perfect and complete ourselves.

In today’s world, Juno is also a symbol for the plight of battered and powerless wives and minorities; for the psychological complexes of love-addiction and codependency; for the rise in divorce rates as people are driven to release unmeaningful relationships; and for the redefinition of traditional relationships in the face of feminism and of gay and lesbian coupling.

To sum up, Juno is the archetype of the wife and partner who maintains her marital commitment to her husband in the face of conflict and struggle. In the birth chart, she, along with other chart factors such as the seventh house, represents your capacity for meaningful committed relationships, your attitude toward such relationships, and the type of relationship experiences that you need in order to feel fulfilled. She represents both what you need and what you attract, and she also signifies the ways in which you act out your disappointment over broken unions. These relationships are usually romantic in nature, but may sometimes assume other forms such as business, professional or creative partnerships.

The Asteroid Goddess Natal Report Writer generates a 40-page personalized interpretation of these four major asteroids in the birth chart. It is available from Astrolabe.

—Demetra George

Sources:

Dobyns, Zipporah. Expanding Astrology’s Universe. San Diego: Astro Computing Services, 1983.
Donath, Emma Belle. Asteroids in the Birth Chart. Tempe, AZ: American Federation of Astrologers, 1979.
George, Demetra, with Douglas Bloch. Asteroid Goddesses: The Mythology, Psychology and Astrology of the Reemerging Feminine. 2nd ed. rev. San Diego: Astro Computing Services, 1990.
George. Astrology for Yourself: A Workbook for Personal Transformation. Berkeley, CA: Wingbow Press, 1987.
Lehman, J. Lee. The Ultimate Asteroid Book. West Chester, PA: Whitford Press, 1988.

Juno

 

(asteroid no. 3), an asteroid discovered in 1804 by the German astronomer K. Harding. Juno was the third asteroid to be discovered. Its mean distance from the sun is 2.67 astronomical units. Its orbit is inclined 13.0° to the ecliptic and has an eccentricity of 0.256. Its brightness at mean opposition is 8.7 stellar magnitudes. Juno, which has a diameter of about 225 km, is one of the four brightest and largest asteroids. It is among the ten asteroids the positional observations of which are made as carefully as possible in order to determine the position of the vernal equinox, which acts as the reference point for right ascensions, as well as to determine the position of the equator of star catalogs.


Juno

 

a genus of perennial bulbous herbaceous plants of the family Iridaceae. (The genus is usually included in the genus Iris.) There are about 50 species, distributed in Western Asia and the Mediterranean. The USSR has about 30 species, growing in Middle Asia and Transcaucasia. Some species with beautiful flowers are ornamental perennials. The plants are propagated from bulbs or seeds. Seedlings flower in the fourth or fifth year.

Juno

[′jü·nō]
(astronomy)
An asteroid with a diameter of about 150 miles (242 kilometers), mean distance from the sun of 2.67 astronomical units, and S-type surface composition; the third asteroid discovered, it is sometimes grouped with Ceres, Pallas, and Vesta as the Big Four, although it is about 14 in size range.

Juno

in allegories of elements, personification of air. [Art: Hall, 128]
See: Air

Juno

1
(in Roman tradition) the queen of the Olympian gods

Juno

2
Astronomy the fourth largest known asteroid (approximate diameter 240 kilometres) and one of the four brightest

Juno

A numerical constraint-oriented language for graphics applications. It solves its constraints using Newton-Raphson relaxation. It was inspired partly by Metafont.

["Juno, a Constraint-Based Graphics System", G. Nelson in SIGGRAPH '85 Conf Readings, B.A. Barsky ed, Jul 1985, pp. 235-243].

Juno

(Juno Online Services, Inc., www.juno.com) An ISP that provides Internet access and Web-based e-mail with free or paid service plans. Juno started out in 1995 as a non-Web service. Mail was accessed only via a dial-up connection to the Juno computer. Later, Juno added Internet e-mail and Web access. In 2001, it merged with NetZero to become United Online (www.unitedonline.net). See e-mail interfaces and United Online.
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