Antonin Scalia

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Scalia, Antonin,

1936–2016, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1986–2016), b. Trenton, N.J. He graduated from Harvard Law School (1960) and subsequently taught law at the Univ. of Virginia (1967–71) and the Univ. of Chicago (1977–82). In 1982 President ReaganReagan, Ronald Wilson
, 1911–2004, 40th president of the United States (1981–89), b. Tampico, Ill. In 1932, after graduation from Eureka College, he became a radio announcer and sportscaster.
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 named him to the federal Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia, and four years later he was nominated to the U.S. Supreme Court, taking the seat vacated when William RehnquistRehnquist, William Hubbs
, 1924–2005, American public official, 16th chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1986–2005), b. Milwaukee, Wis., as William Donald Rehnquist. After receiving his law degree from Stanford Univ.
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 ascended to the position of chief justice. An outspoken conservative, Scalia was a prominent proponent of "textualism," the idea that one should focus on the text of the U.S. constitution or a law, and "originalism," which stresses that jurists should rely on the constitution's meaning as defined by its framers at the time of its adoption when seeking to interpret it and that decisions of judges should be based on that original meaning, a position enunciated in his book A Matter of Interpretation (1997). He is regarded as one of the most influential justices of the late 20th and early 21st cent. Though he was willing to overturn (often liberal) precedents and was one of the most conservative members of the Court's right wing, Scalia sometimes took more libertarian positions, for example, protecting flag burning as a form of free speech.

Bibliography

See biographies by J. Biskupic (2009) and B. A. Murphy (2014).

Scalia, Antonin

(1936–  ) Supreme Court justice; born in Trenton, N.J. He practiced law (1960–67) and taught (1967–71) before joining the Nixon administration as executive counsel (1971–77). President Reagan named him to the U.S. Court of Appeals (1982–86) and to the U.S. Supreme Court (1986).
References in periodicals archive ?
The majority opinion was authored by Justice Scalia and joined by Chief Justice Roberts, and Justices Thomas and Alito.
It is no surprise to his fans or critics that Justice Scalia has
Justice Scalia in the Federal Courts of Appeals," a new book that analyzes more than 250 Circuit Court decisions referencing Justice Scalia's criticism of legislative history and his influence on the judicial system with his approach to statutory interpretation (textualism) in which Scalia believes courts should focus on the text of a law, and not on extrinsic sources, which are as likely to mislead as to enlighten.
While Justice Scalia does not concede that we have executed an innocent person, he does acknowledge the risk of that happening, albeit one that is so small that it's barely there.
Justice Scalia has already performed his service to them; it will take another prophet to lead them to the promised land.
The chief justice voted with Justice Scalia 88 percent of the time in his first term.
While Justice Scalia gives primacy to the literal meaning of the text and statutes, (11) Justice Breyer engages in an understanding of what meaning the Constitution held for its citizenry.
Justice Scalia, who wrote the majority opinion for Michigan v.
Words no longer have meaning if an exchange that is not established by a state is 'established by the state,"' Justice Scalia wrote in his dissent.
As Justice Scalia warned his dissent, this ruling threatens American democracy and opens the door to attacks on religious liberty," Bauer said.
Justice Scalia and Justice Thomas, moreover, voiced concern that the federal government would actively exploit that gap.
of Justice Scalia on the Supreme Court likely plays at least some modest

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