George Sutherland

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Sutherland, George,

1862–1942, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1922–38), b. Buckinghamshire, England. He was taken by his family to Springville, Utah from England in 1864. After studying law at the Univ. of Michigan, he was admitted (1883) to the bar, practiced law in Utah, and was (1896–1900) a member of the state senate. Sutherland then served in the U.S. House of Representatives (1901–2), and Senate (1905–17). His important decisions included Powell v. Alabama (1932), where he ruled that a conviction in the notorious Scottsboro CaseScottsboro Case.
In 1931 nine black youths were indicted at Scottsboro, Ala., on charges of having raped two white women in a freight car passing through Alabama. In a series of trials the youths were found guilty and sentenced to death or to prison terms of 75 to 99 years.
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 was unconstitutional, because the defendants had been deprived of a right to counsel. In Curtiss-Wright Export Corp. v. United States (1936), he found that the executive branch held certain powers in foreign affairs not dependent on congressional authorization. Sutherland is best remembered as a conservative who consistently voted against much of the New Deal social legislation that came before the court. He wrote Constitutional Power and World Affairs (1919).

Sutherland, George

(1862–1942) Supreme Court justice; born in Stony Stratford, Buckinghampshire, England. He came to the U.S.A. at age two. He was a member of Utah's first legislature (1896), the U.S. House of Representatives (Rep., Utah; 1901–03), and the Senate (Rep., Utah; 1905–17). President Harding named him to the U.S. Supreme Court (1922–38) where he frequently voted against New Deal measures.
References in periodicals archive ?
Instead, as Justice Sutherland continued, the goal--therefore the role--of a prosecutor is typically to convict a defendant in a way that is consistent with the duty to serve justice.
13) In short, though Justice Sutherland rightfully insisted that the prosecutor aim to make sure that innocence should not suffer, he made clear that the prosecutor's "twofold" aim also includes the interest that guilt should not escape.
I do not doubt for a moment that Justice Sutherland, in the Belmont case (1937), (14) thought there was something deeply wrong with taking the assets held by Russian nationals in New York and transferring them to Stalin's government.
It was widely rumored that both Justice Van Devanter and Justice Sutherland wished to leave the bench.
The extraneous matter added by Justice Sutherland in his Curtiss-Wright opinion has been subjected to highly critical studies by scholars.
Those who read this book will never again think in quite the same way about Justice Sutherland or, more important, about the enduring question of how free people should govern themselves.
One of the arguments that Justice Sutherland made when he struck down that particular condition was that we would never allow the government to say that you can only use the public highways so long as you're prepared to waive your fights against unreasonable search and seizure with respect to your private houses and apartments.
288) Writing for a unanimous bench including each of the Four Horsemen, Justice Sutherland had held that taxpayers did not have standing to challenge the constitutionality of congressional expenditures made from general revenue.
In upholding the delegation of legislative authority, Justice Sutherland spoke about "the differences between the powers of the federal government in respect of foreign or external affairs and those in respect of domestic or internal affairs.
351) Quoting Professor Parrish with approval, Professor Ross concludes, "'With his consistent endorsement of Congress's spending power via the grant-in-aid, soon to become the most powerful engine of expanding federal authority, Justice Sutherland, otherwise the nemesis of big government, could lay claim to sponsoring the luxurious growth of the post-World War II welfare state.
Justice Sutherland had been a two-term senator from Utah, serving from March 4, 1905 to March 3, 1917, and a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
Justice Sutherland reprised the formalism of liberty of contract in Adkins v.