Clarence Thomas

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Thomas, Clarence,

1948–, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1991–), b. Pin Point (Savannah), Ga. Raised in a poor family, he graduated (1974) from the Yale Law School and became a prominent black conservative active in Republican causes. He chaired the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (1982–90) during the Reagan and Bush administrations, and attempted there to modify the application of federal affirmative actionaffirmative action,
in the United States, programs to overcome the effects of past societal discrimination by allocating jobs and resources to members of specific groups, such as minorities and women.
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 guidelines. In 1990 he was appointed a judge on the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. In July, 1991, President George H. W. Bush nominated Thomas to the Supreme Court, to replace Thurgood MarshallMarshall, Thurgood,
1908–93, U.S. lawyer and associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1967–91), b. Baltimore. He received his law degree from Howard Univ. in 1933. In 1936 he joined the legal staff of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
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. In Oct., 1991, when approval was all but assured, the Senate Judiciary Committee reopened confirmation hearings to examine charges by Anita Hill, a Univ. of Oklahoma law professor, that Thomas had subjected her to sexual harassmentsexual harassment,
in law, verbal or physical behavior of a sexual nature, aimed at a particular person or group of people, especially in the workplace or in academic or other institutional settings, that is actionable, as in tort or under equal-opportunity statutes.
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 while she was an EEOC employee in the 1980s. Testimony and debate on the charges, followed by a nationwide television audience and revealing deep divisions among the public, did not in the end change the committee's recommendation for approval, and Thomas was confirmed by a full Senate vote of 52 to 48. Taking his seat, he aligned himself with Antonin ScaliaScalia, Antonin,
1936–2016, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1986–2016), b. Trenton, N.J. He graduated from Harvard Law School (1960) and subsequently taught law at the Univ. of Virginia (1967–71) and the Univ. of Chicago (1977–82).
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, forming the Court's most conservative grouping.


See his memoir (2007).

Thomas, Clarence

(1948–  ) Supreme Court justice; born in Pin Point, Ga. Shaped by his poor-but-proud family and his Catholic schooling, he went on to graduate from Holy Cross College and Yale Law School and to espouse conservative views on the situation of his fellow African-Americans. He worked as assistant secretary of education (1981) and then headed the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (1981–89). President Bush appointed him to the federal court of appeals (1990–91) and to the U.S. Supreme Court, where, only after a highly controversial Senate hearing and vote, did he become the second African-American to take a seat (1991).
References in periodicals archive ?
Barone served as a Legal Extern with the Office of Legal Affairs at North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System in Great Neck, and as a Legal Intern with the Office of the Islip Town Attorney and the Office of Nassau County Supreme Court Justice Thomas P.
Justice Scalia and Justice Thomas, moreover, voiced concern that the federal government would actively exploit that gap.
Justice Thomas wrote that when a contract is silent as to the duration of retiree benefits, a court may not infer that the parties intended those benefits to vest for life.
The former head of the MacKenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry, Justice Thomas Berger, one of many keynote speakers, said entering into affected communities helps make effective decisions.
Justice Thomas wrote a concurring opinion in the Court's latest campaign finance case arguing that virtually all laws that limit the spending of money on or for political campaigns are unconstitutional under the First Amendment.
The Washington County Board of Supervisors voted Friday to name the county's courthouse after recently retired state Supreme Court Justice Thomas Mercure, The Post-Star of Glens Falls reported Saturday.
Quadri and presided over by Justice Thomas had awarded death punishment to Murugan, Santhan, Perarivalan and Murugan's wife Nalini in 1999 for killing the former Prime Minister.
Although many prelaw students place a high value on these rankings, Justice Thomas said the obsession with them causes discrimination against students who attend lower-tiered law schools.
Lord Justice Thomas and Mrs Justice Nicola Davies quashed refusals by Justice Secretary Kenneth Clarke and his predecessor Jack Straw to accept earlier Parole Board recommendations that Hindawi should be released and deported.
Lord Justice Thomas and Mr Justice Ouseley rejected Assange's lawyers' claims that extraditing him would be "unfair and unlawful".
But they urged the Lord Chief Justice, Lord Judge, sitting in London with Lord Justice Thomas and Lord Justice Leveson, to rule that the sentences were too long.
The fines were imposed by the Lord Chief Justice, Lord Judge, Lord Justice Thomas and Mr Justice Owen, who ruled that the newspapers were in contempt over reports about Mr Jefferies.

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