Clarence Thomas

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Thomas, Clarence,

1948–, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1991–), b. Pin Point (Savannah), Ga. Raised in a poor family, he graduated (1974) from the Yale Law School and became a prominent black conservative active in Republican causes. He chaired the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (1982–90) during the Reagan and Bush administrations, and attempted there to modify the application of federal affirmative actionaffirmative action,
in the United States, programs to overcome the effects of past societal discrimination by allocating jobs and resources to members of specific groups, such as minorities and women.
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 guidelines. In 1990 he was appointed a judge on the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. In July, 1991, President George H. W. Bush nominated Thomas to the Supreme Court, to replace Thurgood MarshallMarshall, Thurgood,
1908–93, U.S. lawyer and associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1967–91), b. Baltimore. He received his law degree from Howard Univ. in 1933. In 1936 he joined the legal staff of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
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. In Oct., 1991, when approval was all but assured, the Senate Judiciary Committee reopened confirmation hearings to examine charges by Anita Hill, a Univ. of Oklahoma law professor, that Thomas had subjected her to sexual harassmentsexual harassment,
in law, verbal or physical behavior of a sexual nature, aimed at a particular person or group of people, especially in the workplace or in academic or other institutional settings, that is actionable, as in tort or under equal-opportunity statutes.
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 while she was an EEOC employee in the 1980s. Testimony and debate on the charges, followed by a nationwide television audience and revealing deep divisions among the public, did not in the end change the committee's recommendation for approval, and Thomas was confirmed by a full Senate vote of 52 to 48. Taking his seat, he aligned himself with Antonin ScaliaScalia, Antonin,
1936–2016, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1986–2016), b. Trenton, N.J. He graduated from Harvard Law School (1960) and subsequently taught law at the Univ. of Virginia (1967–71) and the Univ. of Chicago (1977–82).
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, forming the Court's most conservative grouping.


See his memoir (2007).

Thomas, Clarence

(1948–  ) Supreme Court justice; born in Pin Point, Ga. Shaped by his poor-but-proud family and his Catholic schooling, he went on to graduate from Holy Cross College and Yale Law School and to espouse conservative views on the situation of his fellow African-Americans. He worked as assistant secretary of education (1981) and then headed the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (1981–89). President Bush appointed him to the federal court of appeals (1990–91) and to the U.S. Supreme Court, where, only after a highly controversial Senate hearing and vote, did he become the second African-American to take a seat (1991).
References in periodicals archive ?
Supreme Court to deny certiorari, it is unusual for a Justice to issue a written dissent to the denial of certiorari, as Justice Thomas did in the recent case of Silvester v.
Justice Thomas wrote that the false or misleading aspect of the claim has to be material to the governments decision whether to pay it.
TAOISEACH Leo Varadkar led the tributes following the death of former Chief Justice Thomas Finlay at the age of 95.
Referring to the CBI probe in the case, Justice Thomas said he was "agitated" during the trial over "serious flaws" by the Special Investigation Team.
He joined in a dissent penned by Justice Thomas, contending that the Court should have agreed to hear Peruta, and settle these important issues.
54), (34) Justice Thomas threw in Numbers 1, 10, 14, 22, 39, 43, 51, and 62, along with the papers of John Adams and Thomas Jefferson; Gordon Wood; Blackstone; and Akhil Amar's 2005 book, America's Constitution: A Biography, (35) Justice Alito also cited Amar.
Justice Scalia and Justice Thomas, moreover, voiced concern that the federal government would actively exploit that gap.
The former head of the MacKenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry, Justice Thomas Berger, one of many keynote speakers, said entering into affected communities helps make effective decisions.
Having covered Justice Antonin Scalia (in Antonin Scalia's Jurisprudence: Text and Tradition, 2006), and now Justice Thomas, he has nearly exhausted the genre for the time being.
Justice Thomas wrote a concurring opinion in the Court's latest campaign finance case arguing that virtually all laws that limit the spending of money on or for political campaigns are unconstitutional under the First Amendment.
The Washington County Board of Supervisors voted Friday to name the county's courthouse after recently retired state Supreme Court Justice Thomas Mercure, The Post-Star of Glens Falls reported Saturday.
Six months after George Washington appointed him to the Supreme Court, Justice Thomas Johnson resigned.

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