Earl Warren

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Warren, Earl,

1891–1974, American public official and 14th chief justice of the United States (1953–69), b. Los Angeles. He graduated from the Univ. of California Law School in 1912. Admitted (1914) to the bar, he practiced in Oakland, Calif., and held several local offices. He served (1939–43) as state attorney general and was governor of California from 1943 to 1953. In 1948 he was the unsuccessful candidate for Vice President on the Republican ticket headed by Thomas E. DeweyDewey, Thomas Edmund,
1902–71, American political figure, governor (1943–55) of New York, b. Owosso, Mich. Admitted (1925) to the bar, Dewey practiced law and in 1931 became chief assistant U.S. attorney for the Southern District of New York.
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. In Oct., 1953, President Eisenhower appointed him chief justice to succeed Fred M. VinsonVinson, Frederick Moore,
1890–1953, 13th chief justice of the United States (1946–53), b. Louisa, Ky. He received his law degree from Centre College in Danville, Kentucky (1911). He served (1923–29, 1931–38) in the U.S.
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. One of the most dynamic of chief justices, Warren led the court toward a number of landmark decisions in the fields of civil rights and individual liberties. Among these were the unanimous 1954 decision, written by Warren, ending segregation in the nation's schools (see Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.,
case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954. Linda Brown was denied admission to her local elementary school in Topeka because she was black.
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); the one man, one vote rulings, which opened the way for legislative and Congressional reapportionment; and decisions in criminal cases guaranteeing the right to counsel and protecting the accused from police abuses. In 1963–64, Warren headed the commission that investigated the assassination of President Kennedy (see Warren CommissionWarren Commission,
popular name given to the U.S. Commission to Report upon the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy, established (Nov. 29, 1963) by executive order of President Lyndon B. Johnson.
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). He retired from the bench in 1969. His public papers were edited by H. M. Christman (1959).

Bibliography

See biographies by J. D. Weaver (1967), G. E. White (1982), and E. Cray (1997); studies by A. Cox (1968), R. H. Sayler et al. (1969), and B. Schwartz (1983).

Warren, Earl

(1891–1974) Supreme Court chief justice; born in Los Angeles. He was district attorney in Alameda County, Calif. (1920–39), state attorney general (1939–43), and served three terms as governor of California (1942–53) before President Eisenhower appointed him chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1953–69). To many people's surprise, the liberal "Warren Court" actively used its judiciary powers to decide several landmark cases that affected civil rights, criminal procedure, and religious practice. Brown v. Board of Education (1954) desegregated public schools and ruled segregation "inherently unequal." Miranda v. Arizona (1966) ensured the rights of criminal suspects. The court shocked the country when it found required prayer in public schools to breach the separation of church and state. At the special request of President Lyndon Johnson, he headed the investigation of President Kennedy's assassination; the "Warren Commission" found that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone.
References in periodicals archive ?
characterization of Brown is his claim that Chief Justice Warren applied
Mr Justice Warren noted that Pringles were made from potato flour, corn flour, wheat starch and rice flour and only had a potato content of around 42 per cent.
40) Chief Justice Warren and Justices Fortas, Brennan, Black, and Douglas no longer sit on the Supreme Court, but in Shakespeare's words, "The evil that men do lives after them.
We must heed the advice of Chief Justice Warren and be especially vigilant to "the day-to-day job of upholding the Constitution.
But Chief Justice Warren Burger also noted that "a president and those who assist him must be free to explore alternatives in the process of shaping policies and making decisions and to do so in a way many would be unwilling to express except privately.
In his judgment, Ontario Superior Court Justice Warren Winkler wrote that the parties have asked the courts to "approve, as a term of the settlement, the combining of all outstanding litigation relating to the residential schools in a single class action which will effectively be filed in each jurisdiction in Canada if approval of the settlement is granted.
As reported in the Anglican Journal, Justice Warren Winkler, who has handled class action suits regarding the Walkerton E.
Mr Justice Warren issued an injunction against Quinn, of Victoria Road, Waterloo, ordering him to stop his illicit trade.
In the ruling on the Nixon tapes, Chief Justice Warren Burger reaffirmed earlier court decisions that "no person, not even the president of the United States, is above the law.
Douglas, Potter Stewart, and Chief Justice Warren Burger overturned the abortion laws of all 50 states and essentially legalized the "right" to abortion for any reason throughout pregnancy.
Rebecca Dudley of the Brush News-Tribune in Colorado was a copy editor when Chief Justice Warren Burger retired from the Supreme Court.
A regulation neutral on its face, in its application, nonetheless offends the constitutional requirement for governmental neutrality if it unduly burdens the flee exercise of religion," Justice Warren Burger wrote in Yoder.