Earl Warren

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Warren, Earl,

1891–1974, American public official and 14th chief justice of the United States (1953–69), b. Los Angeles. He graduated from the Univ. of California Law School in 1912. Admitted (1914) to the bar, he practiced in Oakland, Calif., and held several local offices. He served (1939–43) as state attorney general and was governor of California from 1943 to 1953. In 1948 he was the unsuccessful candidate for Vice President on the Republican ticket headed by Thomas E. DeweyDewey, Thomas Edmund,
1902–71, American political figure, governor (1943–55) of New York, b. Owosso, Mich. Admitted (1925) to the bar, Dewey practiced law and in 1931 became chief assistant U.S. attorney for the Southern District of New York.
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. In Oct., 1953, President Eisenhower appointed him chief justice to succeed Fred M. VinsonVinson, Frederick Moore,
1890–1953, 13th chief justice of the United States (1946–53), b. Louisa, Ky. He received his law degree from Centre College in Danville, Kentucky (1911). He served (1923–29, 1931–38) in the U.S.
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. One of the most dynamic of chief justices, Warren led the court toward a number of landmark decisions in the fields of civil rights and individual liberties. Among these were the unanimous 1954 decision, written by Warren, ending segregation in the nation's schools (see Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.,
case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954. Linda Brown was denied admission to her local elementary school in Topeka because she was black.
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); the one man, one vote rulings, which opened the way for legislative and Congressional reapportionment; and decisions in criminal cases guaranteeing the right to counsel and protecting the accused from police abuses. In 1963–64, Warren headed the commission that investigated the assassination of President Kennedy (see Warren CommissionWarren Commission,
popular name given to the U.S. Commission to Report upon the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy, established (Nov. 29, 1963) by executive order of President Lyndon B. Johnson.
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). He retired from the bench in 1969. His public papers were edited by H. M. Christman (1959).

Bibliography

See biographies by J. D. Weaver (1967), G. E. White (1982), and E. Cray (1997); studies by A. Cox (1968), R. H. Sayler et al. (1969), and B. Schwartz (1983).

Warren, Earl

(1891–1974) Supreme Court chief justice; born in Los Angeles. He was district attorney in Alameda County, Calif. (1920–39), state attorney general (1939–43), and served three terms as governor of California (1942–53) before President Eisenhower appointed him chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1953–69). To many people's surprise, the liberal "Warren Court" actively used its judiciary powers to decide several landmark cases that affected civil rights, criminal procedure, and religious practice. Brown v. Board of Education (1954) desegregated public schools and ruled segregation "inherently unequal." Miranda v. Arizona (1966) ensured the rights of criminal suspects. The court shocked the country when it found required prayer in public schools to breach the separation of church and state. At the special request of President Lyndon Johnson, he headed the investigation of President Kennedy's assassination; the "Warren Commission" found that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone.
References in periodicals archive ?
For instance, a question from Chief Justice Warren during oral argument challenged the relevance of state law, and a rejoinder, at the urging of Cox, claimed that it was "just part of the background.
I have for announcement," Chief Justice Warren said, "the judgment and opinion of the Court in No.
characterization of Brown is his claim that Chief Justice Warren applied
63) As a result, Chief Justice Warren announced the decision and Justice Brennan's central role remained largely unknown for many years--another early example of his effective but oftenuncredited work on the Court (p.
For example, on May 27, 1986, President Reagan simultaneously announced the retirement of Chief Justice Warren Burger, the elevation of William H.
At first instance, Mr Justice Warren had found the invention non-obvious, but had revoked the patent on the basis of the decision in BMS.
In a crunch verdict at the High Court in London, Mr Justice Warren saved snack fans millions of pounds when he decided that Pringles didn't have enough potato in them to qualify as crisps.
As Chief Justice Warren noted years ago, the relationship of the Bill of Rights to the military has "rapidly assumed increasing importance because of changing domestic and world conditions.
Blackmun, nominated to the court only after President Nixon's first two choices were rejected by the Senate, was initially regarded as an appendage of his fellow Minnesotan, Chief Justice Warren Burger.
Supreme Court is not at all strange when taking into account the actions of the Court since the retirement of Chief Justice Warren Burger and the ensuing appointments of associate justices whose politics have led to legal decisions resulting in the loss of gains of the civil rights movement.
But Chief Justice Warren Burger also noted that "a president and those who assist him must be free to explore alternatives in the process of shaping policies and making decisions and to do so in a way many would be unwilling to express except privately.