Joseph Justus Scaliger

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Scaliger, Joseph Justus


Born Aug. 5, 1540, in Agen; died Jan. 21, 1609, in Leiden. French humanist of Italian descent.

Scaliger became a Calvinist in 1562 and took an active part in the Wars of Religion in France, fleeing to Geneva after the Massacre of St. Bartholomew. In 1593 he took up residence in Leiden, where he taught at the university. He won renown for his commentaries on Varro, Vergil, Cato, and other classical authors and for his studies in comparative linguistics. He laid the groundwork for a scientific chronology of classical antiquity with the treatise De emendatione temporum (1583) and developed a system to standardize chronology.


Bernays, J. J. J. Scaliger. Berlin, 1855.
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Among the topics are the legacy of Josephus Justus Scaliger in Leiden University Library catalogues 1609-1716, the library of the Breton jurist and historian Bertrand d'Arentre in 1582, the book inventories of Servite authors and the survey of the Roman Congregation of the Index in counter-reformation Italy, the book inventory of 16th-century Krakow bookbinder Maciej Przywilcki, and the inventory of Beatriz Pacheco's bookshop in Santiago de Compostela in 1563.