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construction of a fabric made of interlocking loops of yarn by means of needles. Knitting, allied in origin to weaving and to the netting and knotting of fishnets and snares, was apparently unknown in Europe before the 15th cent., when it began to be practiced in Italy and Spain. The Scots claimed its invention and also its introduction into France. Hand-knitting needles are of bone, wood, steel, ivory, or celluloid. Two needles with heads are required for flat or selvage work; three or more, pointed at both ends, for tubular work such as hose; and for larger tubular work, a circular needle. The first knitting machine, invented in England in 1589 by William Lee, was refused a patent by Queen Elizabeth on the grounds that it would curtail the work of hand knitters. Lee's machine, marketed in France, was the forerunner of the warp and circular frames used after 1790; these in turn developed into the two modern types of power machines, the warp and the weft. The springbeard needle of Lee's frame was supplemented in 1847 by Matthew Townsend's latch needle, commonly used for coarse work. In 1864, William Cotton patented a machine by which garments and the heels and toes of hosiery might be shaped. Automatic machines were first introduced in 1889. In weft knitting, which includes hand knitting, the fabric is constructed in horizontal courses with one continuous yarn. The basic stitches are the plain (or jersey), purl, and rib. Either flatbed or circular machines may be used. The warp, or chain-loom, machine, generally flatbed, builds vertical chains, or wales, each having a separate yarn. The wales are tied together by zigzagging the yarns from needle to needle in the basic tricot or milanese stitches or variants of these. The warp-knit fabric is run-resistant but less elastic than the weft.


See B. Abbey, The Complete Book of Knitting (1972).

What does it mean when you dream about knitting?

Knitting is an obvious symbol for something we are building, either in our career or in our relationships. Knitting together a relationship, particularly one that needs mending. (See also Sewing).


Making a fabric by interlocking loops of yarn by means of needles or wires.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lightweight knits work well for very drapey designs, gathering and multiple layers.
Numerous parishes have since begun such a ministry, in which shawls are knit in prayer and then blessed and distributed to people who need a reminder of God's loving care.
Alexa Chung is wearing a black knit jumper with white bat motif, by Moschino.
Not just reserved for eveningwear, pick out a luxurious knit in an opulent shade of amethyst, ruby, sapphire or emerald, or even bright citruses.
CASTING OFF IF YOU want to learn to knit, brush up your needle skills, or just meet other like-minded people, there are a number of places in the North East you can go.
John Lewis's Vita throw, pounds 80, and matching cushion, pounds 25, comes in a creamy porridge colour, while Marks & Spencer favours dark mocha for a knit throw, pounds 45, and cushion, pounds 25.
Step-by-step profusely illustrated instructions for knitting twenty five one-of-a-kind garments, accessories, and home accents (including knits for babies and children), result in a comprehensive course in all the knitting basics along with the essential tools and techniques required for successful knitting.
If you think knits for kids tend to all look alike, you may be right: fix the problem with Yummy Yarns Knits For Kids: 20 Easy-To-Knit Designs For Ages 2 To 8 Featuring Fun Novelty Yarns.
Okay, this sounds like a weird story--how knitting knits together friendships and unravels tension.
Julia Roberts knits in the movie America's Sweethearts.
One artist uses industrial techniques to make panels based on prostitutes' calling cards; another knits balaclavas and takes snaps of people wearing them around New York.