Kaaba


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Kaaba

or

Caaba

(both: kä`bə or kä`əbə) [Arab.,=cube], the central, cubic, stone structure, covered by a black cloth, within the Great Mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. The sacred nature of the site predates Islam: tradition says that the Kaaba was built by Adam and rebuilt by Abraham and the descendants of Noah. Also known as the House of God, it is the center of the circumambulations performed during the hajjhajj
, the pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, one of the five basic requirements (arkan or "pillars") of Islam. Its annual observance corresponds to the major holy day id al-adha, itself a commemoration of Abraham's readiness to sacrifice his son on Divine orders.
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, and it is toward the Kaaba that Muslims face in their prayers (see liturgy, Islamicliturgy, Islamic,
mandatory ritual prayer in Islam (salat) is performed five times a day at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and night. It requires ritual cleanliness, and is preceded by ablutions. The salat is also preceded by a call to prayer announced by a muezzin.
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). Pre-Islamic Meccans used it as a central shrine housing their many idols, most notable of which were al-Lat, al-Uzza, and Manat, collectively known as al-Gharaniq or the Daughters of God, and Hubal, a martial deity. The Black Stone, possibly of meteoric origin, is located at one of its outside corners. Also dating from pre-Islamic times as a heavenly relic, this stone is venerated and ritually kissed. Worn hollow by the centuries of veneration, the stone is held together by a wide silver band. The actual structure of the Kaaba has been demolished and rebuilt several times in the course of its history. Around the Kaaba is a restricted area, haram, extending in some directions as far as 12 mi (19 km), into which only Muslims may enter.

Kaaba

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Kaaba means "square building" or "cube." It refers to the Islamic shrine in Mecca that Muslims face when they pray. The shrine is built around the famous Black Stone, and it is said to have been built by Abraham and his son, Ishmael. It is the focus and goal of all Muslim pilgrims when they make their way to Mecca during their pilgrimage.

Kaaba

 

(from Arabic ka’aba al-qubba), Muslim shrine in Mecca. The Kaaba has the shape of a cube and is located in the center of a rectangular courtyard. The eastern corner of its outer wall contains a niche with the Black Stone (an ancient fetish). The spring of Zamzam flows beside it. In pre-Islamic times it was a sacred place to the pagan tribes of the Hijaz; according to tradition, 300 idols, to which different tribes paid homage, stood around it. Islam recognized the Kaaba’s sanctity. After the year 630 the idols were destroyed, and the Kaaba became a major shrine and place of pilgrimmage exclusively for Muslims.

Kaaba

A cube-shaped, flat-roofed building in the center of the Great Mosque at Mecca; the most sacred shrine of the Muslims.

Kaaba

central shrine at Mecca. [Islamic Religion: Brewer Dictionary, 513]
References in periodicals archive ?
We wash the Kaaba from the inside using 45 liters of scented Zamzam water, said the main caretaker of the Kaaba, Sheikh Saleh Bin Zainalabdeen Al-Shaibi, who opens the door of the Kaaba for the washing right after dawn prayers, Saudi Gazette reported.
Shortly after re-dedicating the Kaaba to Allah, Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) carried out the ritual of Haj, known as Hajjat Al Wadaa (The Farewell Pilgrimage), considered his first and last Haj.
Nearly all historical sites have been demolished to make way for high- rise condominiums, seven- star hotels and malls which tower over the Kaaba.
Mecca's planners are largely catering to wealthier pilgrims by focusing on construction of five-star hotels, surrounding the Kaaba in marble-sheathed luxury.
Flash floods had inundated all parts of the city, he said, and police were trying to stop people from approaching the Kaaba.
A man has been pictured doing his rounds of the Kaaba in Makkah's Grand Mosque on a roller board, sending Saudi scholars scurrying to their religious edicts to decide whether Islam allows the practice, according to Al Bawaba .
ISLAMABAD -- The time of the year has come for the annual tradition of sewing the Kiswa, the cover of the Kaaba, where 150 trained employees are involved in the work.
Loans include significant material from Saudi Arabia including a seetanah which covers the door of the kaaba as well as other historic and contemporary artefacts from key museums in the Kingdom.
Those worshippers managed to accomplish such a challenging task by being united behind one single target, that is the Kaaba, which Allah chose as the Muslims' Kiblah (direction) in prayer.
The tower, which overlooks the Kaaba, was built over a demolished 18th-century Ottoman fort on a prominent Mecca hillside, now flattened to the ground.
This year and in partnership with Abu Dhabi Islamic Bank, Emirates Palace is hosting an exclusive exhibition, showcasing a rare "Kiswah" of Kaaba, the most sacred Islamic shrine on earth.
6 billion Muslims, sits the Kaaba, a black cube- shaped building considered to be the "House of God.