Kaaba


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Kaaba

or

Caaba

(both: kä`bə or kä`əbə) [Arab.,=cube], the central, cubic, stone structure, covered by a black cloth, within the Great Mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. The sacred nature of the site predates Islam: tradition says that the Kaaba was built by Adam and rebuilt by Abraham and the descendants of Noah. Also known as the House of God, it is the center of the circumambulations performed during the hajjhajj
, the pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, one of the five basic requirements (arkan or "pillars") of Islam. Its annual observance corresponds to the major holy day id al-adha, itself a commemoration of Abraham's readiness to sacrifice his son on Divine orders.
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, and it is toward the Kaaba that Muslims face in their prayers (see liturgy, Islamicliturgy, Islamic,
mandatory ritual prayer in Islam (salat) is performed five times a day at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and night. It requires ritual cleanliness, and is preceded by ablutions. The salat is also preceded by a call to prayer announced by a muezzin.
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). Pre-Islamic Meccans used it as a central shrine housing their many idols, most notable of which were al-Lat, al-Uzza, and Manat, collectively known as al-Gharaniq or the Daughters of God, and Hubal, a martial deity. The Black Stone, possibly of meteoric origin, is located at one of its outside corners. Also dating from pre-Islamic times as a heavenly relic, this stone is venerated and ritually kissed. Worn hollow by the centuries of veneration, the stone is held together by a wide silver band. The actual structure of the Kaaba has been demolished and rebuilt several times in the course of its history. Around the Kaaba is a restricted area, haram, extending in some directions as far as 12 mi (19 km), into which only Muslims may enter.

Kaaba

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Kaaba means "square building" or "cube." It refers to the Islamic shrine in Mecca that Muslims face when they pray. The shrine is built around the famous Black Stone, and it is said to have been built by Abraham and his son, Ishmael. It is the focus and goal of all Muslim pilgrims when they make their way to Mecca during their pilgrimage.

Kaaba

 

(from Arabic ka’aba al-qubba), Muslim shrine in Mecca. The Kaaba has the shape of a cube and is located in the center of a rectangular courtyard. The eastern corner of its outer wall contains a niche with the Black Stone (an ancient fetish). The spring of Zamzam flows beside it. In pre-Islamic times it was a sacred place to the pagan tribes of the Hijaz; according to tradition, 300 idols, to which different tribes paid homage, stood around it. Islam recognized the Kaaba’s sanctity. After the year 630 the idols were destroyed, and the Kaaba became a major shrine and place of pilgrimmage exclusively for Muslims.

Kaaba

A cube-shaped, flat-roofed building in the center of the Great Mosque at Mecca; the most sacred shrine of the Muslims.

Kaaba

central shrine at Mecca. [Islamic Religion: Brewer Dictionary, 513]
References in periodicals archive ?
While talking to the Imam of Kaaba, Sardar Ayaz Sadiq has said that Pakistan is worried about the situation of entire Muslim Ummah.
It is an old picture and it was taken after an African pilgrim in his 50s was injured in his leg after he slipped as large crowds were circumambulating the Kaaba," he said.
Their pace slowed as they approached the southern corner of the Kaaba , the Yemeni corner.
The woven cloth shroud of the Kaaba, or Kiswa, is considered one of the most important foci of the care and attention directed towards the maintenance of the revered building.
Flash floods had inundated all parts of the city, he said, and police were trying to stop people from approaching the Kaaba.
Monumental luxury hotel towers crowd around the Grand Mosque where the Kaaba is located, dwarfing it.
This will be done during the second and third phases of the Jabal Al Kaaba project," he noted.
Those worshippers managed to accomplish such a challenging task by being united behind one single target, that is the Kaaba, which Allah chose as the Muslims' Kiblah (direction) in prayer.
This year and in partnership with Abu Dhabi Islamic Bank, Emirates Palace is hosting an exclusive exhibition, showcasing a rare "Kiswah" of Kaaba, the most sacred Islamic shrine on earth.
6 billion Muslims, sits the Kaaba, a black cube- shaped building considered to be the "House of God.
Muslims believe that a "sacred house" was built in Mecca by Adam, the father of the human race, in the same spot where Ibrahim and his son Ishmael are said to have rebuilt it and where the Kaaba, a massive cubic structure, lies.
The pilgrims had left Mecca after completing the first ritual of the Hajj, circling the sacred Kaaba stone structure seven times inside the Grand Mosque, which Muslims all over the world face during their five daily prayers.