Kabardino-Balkar Republic

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Related to Kabardino-Balkaria: North Ossetia, Karachay-Cherkessia

Kabardino-Balkar Republic

(kăb'ərdē`nō-bălkâr`) or

Kabardino-Balkaria,

constituent republic (1990 est. pop. 760,000), c.4,800 sq mi (12,400 sq km), SE European Russia, in the northern part of the Caucasus Mts. NalchikNalchik
, city (1989 pop. 235,000), capital of Kabardino-Balkar Republic, S European Russia, on the northern slope of the Greater Caucasus. A health and tourist resort, it is the gateway to the Mt. Elbrus region.
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 is the capital. The area is a largely unsettled, roadless mountain wilderness. The population—Kabards, Balkars, Russians, and Ukrainians—is concentrated in the narrow gorges of the streams flowing into the Terek River. The Kabards speak a Caucasian language and are Muslims (Sunni); the Balkars speak a Turkic language. Kabards and Balkars make up 57% of the population; Russians make up 30%. Livestock and poultry are raised, and wheat, corn, hemp, and fruit are grown. Much of the republic's industry is related to agricultural processing. Lumbering and mining are also important.

The Kabards were known in the 9th cent. They occupied the land in the foothills of the central Caucasus between the 13th and 15th cent. It is not known when the Balkars settled. They have a mixed Black Bulgar, Alan, and Cuman heritage. The Kabard area became a Muscovite protectorate in 1557. Its annexation by Russia began with the treaty of Kuchuk Kainarji (1774) and was completed in 1827. The area was organized as an region in 1922 and became an autonomous republic in 1936. In 1944 the Balkars, accused of collaborating with the Germans, were deported, and their area, the upper Baksan valley, was ceded to the Georgian SSR. The area was then renamed Kabardinian Autonomous SSR. In 1957, their exile having been ended, the Balkars began to return and the area assumed its old name. Karbardino-Balkar became a full republic in 1991, and was a signatory to the Mar. 31, 1992, treaty that created the Russian Federation (see RussiaRussia,
officially the Russian Federation,
Rus. Rossiya, republic (2005 est. pop. 143,420,000), 6,591,100 sq mi (17,070,949 sq km). The country is bounded by Norway and Finland in the northwest; by Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, and Ukraine in the west; by Georgia
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). In 2005 the violence in nearby Chechnya spilled over into the republic when militants with ties to the Chechen rebels mounted coordinated attacks in Nalchik, and in subsequent years the region experienced fighting between Islamic militants and security forces.

Kabardino-Balkar Republic

a constituent republic of S Russia, on the N side of the Caucasus Mountains. Capital: Nalchik. Pop.: 900 500 (2002). Area: 12 500 sq. km (4825 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Bottayev, 50, was elected lawmaker of the Kabardino-Balkaria region from the United Russia party last September.
Razina street, Prokhladny, Kabardino-Balkaria region, 361045, the
The primary value of Satter's analysis is its focus on those Russian republics and regions north of the Caucasus and Central Asia, the populations of which are also largely Muslim, Kabardino-Balkaria, Adygea, Karachay-Cherkessia, Tatarstan and Bashkortostan.
In Kabardino-Balkaria, ethnic Kabardins (or Circassians) account for a majority of the republic's population--57, 2 %, or 492 000 people.
Unknown assailants burst into Boris Zherukov's office in Nalchik, capital of the province of Kabardino-Balkaria, and shot him twice in the head, Russia's Investigative Committee said in a statement.
Kabardino: A high-ranking Russian ruling party member who headed a college in the restive North Caucasus region of Kabardino-Balkaria was shot dead Tuesday in his office, officials said.
Kazbek Gekkiyev, 26, worked as a newsreader for the state-run television station in Nalchik, the regional capital of the republic of Kabardino-Balkaria.
The region's seven autonomous republics are Adygeia, Chechnya, Dagestan, Ingushetia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachai-Cherkessia, and North Ossetia.
The focal point of the planned new tourism industry for the region, which includes Europe's highest mountain peak Elbrus (5,642 meters), is a cluster of five world-class ski resorts located in the Republic of Adygea, Krasnodar Region and parts of the North Caucasus Federal District, including Stavropol Region and the republics of Karachai-Cherkessia, Kabardino-Balkaria, North Ossetia and Dagestan.
A fifth resort is planned for Mount Elbrus, in Karachay-Cherkessia and Kabardino-Balkaria, near the Russian border with Georgia.
The suspected mastermind, Islam Khamuzhyev, a 22-year-old native from the province of Kabardino-Balkaria, allegedly recruited at least three other men he had met at a mosque to help carry out the attack on the Sapsan - a high-speed train connecting Russia's largest cities.
The current plan does not foresee Chechnya as part of the tourist cluster which will group Dagestan, Adygeya, Kabardino-Balkaria and several other regions.