Kabir


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Kabir
BirthplaceLahartara near Kashi (present-day Varanasi)
Occupation
Weaver, poet
Known for influenced the Bhakti movement, Sikhism, Sant Mat and Kabir Panth

Kabir

(kəbēr`), 1440–1518, Indian mystic and poet. A Muslim by birth, he was a weaver in Benares (Varanasi) and early in life may have become the disciple of the famous Hindu saint Ramananda. Representing the anticlerical, antiauthoritarian Indian bhaktibhakti
[Skt.,=devotion], theistic devotion in Hinduism. Bhakti cults seem to have existed from the earliest times, but they gained strength in the first millennium A.D. The first full statement of liberation and spiritual fulfillment through devotion to a personal god is found
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 movement, Kabir opposed caste practices, ritual, image-worship, and all forms of religious sectarianism; he taught the brotherhood of Hindu and Muslim under one God. Because of his anti-institutional ideas he was subject to persecution and banished from Benares c.1495. Thereafter he traveled from one N Indian city to another and died at Maghar near Gorakhpur. Originally composed aloud by the illiterate Kabir and after his death written down by his followers, his songs in Hindi show the fusion of Muslim and Hindu devotional traditions.

Bibliography

See Poems of Kabir (tr. by R. Tagore, 1915, often repr.) and Songs of Kabir (tr. by A. K. Mehrota, 2011); I. A. Ezekiel, Kabir, the Great Mystic (1966).

Kabir

 

Born circa 1440; died circa 1518. Indian poet who wrote in Hindi. About 80 works are ascribed to Kabir; those included in the Adi Granth, the sacred book of the Sikhs, constitute the most authentic part of his literary legacy. Kabir’s poetic activity, which was connected with the Bhakti religious reform movement, opened a new stage in the history of Hindu literature. His poetry blends the opposing religious-mystical currents of Hinduism and Islam and the artistic traditions of the Hindu and Tajik-Persian classics.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Poemy.In R. Tagore, Sobr. soch., book 6. Petrograd, 1916.
Lirika. Moscow, 1965.

REFERENCES

Serebriakov, I. “Kabir.” In the collection Vostochnyi aVmanakh, vol. 2. Moscow, 1958.
Istoriia indiiskikh literatur. Moscow, 1964. (Translated from English.)
Dvivedi, Hazariprasad. Kabir, 5th ed. Bombay, 1955.
References in classic literature ?
They pretend," as I hear, "that the verses of Kabir have four different senses; illusion, spirit, intellect, and the exoteric doctrine of the Vedas"; but in this part of the world it is considered a ground for complaint if a man's writings admit of more than one interpretation.
Muscat, Nov 18 (ONA) Muscat Municipality opened the traffic flow of the Mahaj bridge and interchange in the Wilayat of Al A'mirat and the development of Darsait/ Wadi Kabir road on the occasion of the 45th Glorious National Day celebrations .
Police said that unknown armed men opened fire near Kabir Building off Jinnah Road, leaving two persons injured.
Muscat: Indian School Wadi Kabir, whose teams won the junior and senior categories of the Times of Oman Inter School Quiz Contest (TOOISQC), were presented with the Essa bin Mohammed Al Zedjali Rolling Trophy for their respective categories with the school's name engraved on them.
EVEN as Trinamool Congress brass in West Bengal is cautiously calibrating its actions against party leader Mukul Roy and his son Subhrangshu Roy, on Thursday the outfit didn't hesitate to expel rebel leader Humayun Kabir.
th] century Indian philosopher Kabir first rejected Islam and then, later, Hinduism.
by Khwaja Basir Fitri on 1 September, 2014 - 14:56 KABUL (Pajhwok): Former Pakistani right-handed batsman Kabir Khan on Monday resigned as Afghanistan's national cricket team coach, citing personal engagements.
Muscat Municipality has announced that work on the Darsait-Wadi Kabir road project has reached 60% completion.
Nasim Kabir, branch manager at a money exchange, was threatened and struck by a man as he drove a bag of cash to a bank with a colleague on Bordesley Middleway.
An added irony for Friday's match is that one of two former teammates - Aqib Javed and Kabir Khan -- will sign off the day smiling ear-to-ear, while the other will be back to the drawing board to prepare a strategy for the ICC Cricket World Cup Qualifier 2014.
Oman s national airline, Oman Air has announced the appointment of Khondaker A Kabir as the country manager for Bangladesh.
Karl Brown hit a career-best 62 off 42 balls and Kabir Ali claimed three for 30 as the Lightning made it three straight wins.