Kachin State


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Kachin State

(kəchĭn`), state (1983 pop. 903,982), 33,903 sq mi (87,809 sq km), extreme N Myanmar. It is a mountainous region bounded on the NW by India and on the N and E by China and traversed by tributaries of the Ayeyarwady River. MyitkyinaMyitkyina
, city (1983 pop. 56,427), capital of Kachin State, N Myanmar, on the Ayeyarwady River. A leading town of N Myanmar, it is a trade center (including teak and jade), the extreme northern terminus of a railroad line from Yangon, and formerly an important town on the Ledo
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, the capital, and BhamoBhamo
, town (1981 est. pop. 14,000), NE Myanmar, on the upper Ayeyarwady River. Located c.900 mi (1,450 km) from the sea, it is the head of navigation on the Ayeyarwady. Bhamo is the market town for the surrounding hill region and is also important for its ruby mines.
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 are the chief towns. Rice and sugarcane are grown, jade and amber mined, and timber and bamboo cut. The state is sparsely populated; Jinghpaw-speaking Kachins constitute the largest group. They maintain tribal forms of organization under chiefs, practice shifting cultivation, and are mostly animists or Christians.

The territory was never subject to the Burman kings, and after the establishment of British rule it was governed directly, not as part of British Burma. The territory was invaded (1945–47) by the Chinese, but a border agreement was signed between Myanmar and China in 1960. Antigovernment insurgents, active in Kachin State since Myanmar achieved independence in 1948, signed a cease-fire agreement with the government in 1993, but the truce with the largest Kachin militia broke down in 2010 and fighting resumed between the group and government forces.

References in periodicals archive ?
Human Rights Watch, "UNTOLD MISERIES": WARTIME ABUSES AND FORCED DISPLACEMENT IN KACHIN STATE 23-24 (2012), available at http://www.
The wooden crate was found in Myitkyina in Kachin state during a dig that began in December 2013.
In addition, the momentum of the conflict is reinforced by vested interest groups from both sides that engage in illegal trade of jade and timber from the Kachin state to China.
Two hundred and forty political prisoners remain imprisoned, the government has not recognized the Rohingya as an official ethnic group, the army still perpetrates abuses in Kachin State, and the government still detains humanitarian aid workers, denying them access to desperate conflict zones and the hundreds of thousands of displaced Rohingya in critical condition.
Yet, more than 70% of those treated were in the nation's two largest cities, Yangon and Mandalay, along with Kachin State, while coverage in other areas remained inadequate.
The initiatives being implemented at the highest levels by the Government to stop more fighting in the country needs to be accompanied, in parallel, with measures at the grassroots level to also engage local and rural communities in the process of peace building and reconciliation," Ojea Quintana said at the end of his eighth official visit to the country that took him to Rakhine State, Chin State, Kachin State and Shan State, and Meikhtila in Mandalay Region.
The halting of the Chinese-backed Myitesone Dam in Kachin state in 2011 was "the first bell indicating that the rules would be changing," said DiMaggio, according to (http://www.
At Myitkyina, in northern Kachin State, the Burmeseled surveys also produced no trace of the Spitfires which were also alleged to have been buried there.
The government's Union Peacemaking Work Committee and the Kachin Independence Organization, the political wing of the Kachin Independence Army, signed a seven-point agreement following three days of peace talks in Myitkyina, the capital of Myanmar's northern Kachin State, state-run radio and TV reports said Thursday evening.
Recent clashes between Myanmar government forces and ethnic militia fighters in the country's Shan State, as well as fierce fighting with the Kachin Independence Army in Kachin State in the north that borders China, could delay the start of operations.
We are delighted to be working with Myanmar's largest private bank KBZ Bank to expand Western Union's money-in-minute[1] services across the country, including the introduction of services in Kachin state.
Mr Cundall said the search team in Kachin state inserted a camera into the crate and found it was full of water.