Kachin State


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Kachin State

(kəchĭn`), state (1983 pop. 903,982), 33,903 sq mi (87,809 sq km), extreme N Myanmar. It is a mountainous region bounded on the NW by India and on the N and E by China and traversed by tributaries of the Ayeyarwady River. MyitkyinaMyitkyina
, city (1983 pop. 56,427), capital of Kachin State, N Myanmar, on the Ayeyarwady River. A leading town of N Myanmar, it is a trade center (including teak and jade), the extreme northern terminus of a railroad line from Yangon, and formerly an important town on the Ledo
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, the capital, and BhamoBhamo
, town (1981 est. pop. 14,000), NE Myanmar, on the upper Ayeyarwady River. Located c.900 mi (1,450 km) from the sea, it is the head of navigation on the Ayeyarwady. Bhamo is the market town for the surrounding hill region and is also important for its ruby mines.
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 are the chief towns. Rice and sugarcane are grown, jade and amber mined, and timber and bamboo cut. The state is sparsely populated; Jinghpaw-speaking Kachins constitute the largest group. They maintain tribal forms of organization under chiefs, practice shifting cultivation, and are mostly animists or Christians.

The territory was never subject to the Burman kings, and after the establishment of British rule it was governed directly, not as part of British Burma. The territory was invaded (1945–47) by the Chinese, but a border agreement was signed between Myanmar and China in 1960. Antigovernment insurgents, active in Kachin State since Myanmar achieved independence in 1948, signed a cease-fire agreement with the government in 1993, but the truce with the largest Kachin militia broke down in 2010 and fighting resumed between the group and government forces.

References in periodicals archive ?
The aspirant Kachin National Congress Party would join the existing Kachin Democratic Party, Kachin State Democracy Party and Kachin National Congress.
Along with 50 other people who fled after six trucks of Myanmar soldiers rumbled through her village last July, Doi Ra and her family have taken shelter in a church compound near the Kachin State capital, Myitkyina.
This collection of essays on the historical precedents, anthropology, political economy and prospects of conflict and peace in Kachin State, Northern Myanmar makes an outstanding contribution to the literature.
This historic move follows work by Global Witness, Kachin Development Networking Group (KDNG), the Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI) and other Kachin State and Myanmar civil society actors and parliamentarians to expose widespread abuses at the heart of a vast, deeply corrupt trade.
The landslide happened on a mountain of waste from the mining industry in the Hpakant region of Kachin state.
NAYPYyDAW (CyHAN)- A total of 13 people were killed, 20 injured and 100 others missing on Monday night due to a collapse of land waste from a jade mine in Hpakan township in Myanmar's Kachin state, U Tint Soe, representative of Hpakan township, told Xinhua Tuesday.
The landslide took place on Friday in Hpakant in the country's northern Kachin State, a rugged region sandwiched between China and India and the heart of Myanmar's multi-billion dollar jade industry controlled by its powerful military.
The collapse happened on Saturday in the Kachin state community of Hpakant.
The collapse happened on Saturday in the Kachin state community of Hpakant, said Brang Seng, a jade businessman, who watched as bodies were pulled from the debris and taken to a hospital morgue.
Terex Trucks has sold 10 of its 55t TR60 rigid dump trucks to a new customer, Myanmar Thura, to cover the expansion of the company's jade mine in Kachin State, northern Myanmar.
The actress travelled to Kachin state earlier this week, which is home to more than 10,000 refugees since a ceasefire between the government and ethnic rebels broke down in 2011.
Jolie spent her first day-Wednesday-meeting with politicians, including President Thein Sein in capital Naypyidaw before heading to Kachin state in the north on Thursday, where civil war has raged since 2011.