kachina

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kachina

(kəchē`nə), spirit of the invisible life forces of the PuebloPueblo,
name given by the Spanish to the sedentary Native Americans who lived in stone or adobe communal houses in what is now the SW United States. The term pueblo is also used for the villages occupied by the Pueblo.
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 of North America. The kachinas, or kachinam, are impersonated by elaborately costumed masked male members of the tribes who visit Pueblo villages the first half of the year. In a variety of ceremonies, they dance, sing, bring gifts to the children, and sometimes administer public scoldings. Although not worshiped, kachinas are greatly revered, and one of their main purposes is to bring rain for the spring crops. The term kachina also applies to cottonwood dolls made by the Hopi and Zuni that are exquisitely carved and dressed like the dancers. Originally intended to instruct the children about the hundreds of kachina spirits, the finer carvings have become collector's items. The name is also spelled katchina.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kachina House, "Native American Hopi Carved Clown Katsina Doll Painting Easter Egg", http://www.
Another is listed as an "Antique Hopi Indian Cotton Wood Large Kachina Doll," and the seller says: "I have only a basic (almost none) knowledge of kachinas.
Totems from tissue paper rolls, ceremonial attire from grocery bags, or kachina coloring book pages lack significance and are disrespectful to Native-American beliefs.
The workshop focuses on the Hopi kachina as a representation of the spirits in nature, especially as they relate to rainfall.
He teaches them always to Aaron first and only later to other young Hopi men, who learn the songs by heart and sing them in the guise of kachinas at dances.
The Seowtewas want to preserve the most important kachinas by painting them in detail, down to the last feather.
The main room has an A-frame roof with Kachinas painted on the ceiling by art students studying with Edwards in the 1930s.
During the actual plaza dance, dolls in the same regalia are carried by dancing Kachinas and presented to female children in the audience as gifts.
The kachinas, it is believed, are the visible embodiment of katsinam.
Thus begins the Niman, or Home Dance, when kachinas bring to Hopi villages the fruits of harvest - corn, melon, squash - then depart for their home in the San Francisco Mountains to spend the next few months praying for rain.
She introduces the world of the kachinas, and traces the history of the religion, noting the vital factor of Pueblo cohesion which it inspires, while allowing a degree of freedom within the tradition which accounts for much of the present-day inventive interplay with Anglo economy.
While directed more toward archaeology than the arts--this book received the 1998 Society for American Archaeology Book Award--the 150 photos (seventeen in color) of petroglyphs and other rock art, weavings, kachinas, pottery, murals, and other artifacts effectively portray the role of art and craft in the lives of these ancient people.