Kadapa, city (1991 pop. 121,422), S Andhra Pradesh state, S central India. It is a district administrative center and a market for peanuts, cotton, and melons. Paint and varnish are manufactured, and barite is processed. The city was part of the Chola empire (11th–15th cent.). Muslims conquered it in 1565, and the British took control in 1800. It was formerly known as Cuddapah.