Kadesh

(redirected from Kadesh-barnea)

Kadesh

(kā`dĕsh), ancient city of Syria, on the Orontes River. There Ramses II fought (c.1300 B.C.) the Hittites in a great battle that ended in a truce.

Kadesh

(kā`dĕsh) or

Kadesh-barnea

(–bärnē`ə), oasis in the desert S of ancient Palestine, mentioned frequently in the Bible, notably as a limit of Edom. Another biblical name is En-mishpat.

Kadesh

 

an ancient city in Syria on the Orontes River (near the modern city of Horns). It is known from hieroglyphic (Egyptian) and cuneiform sources from the 16th century B.c. Kadesh was inhabited by Semites. In the 15th century B.c. it was conquered by Egypt, and from the beginning of the 14th century to about 1200 B.c. it was subordinate to the Hittite empire. In the late 14th or early 13th century B.c., a battle between the Egyptian forces of Rameses II and the Hittites under the leadership of King Muwatallis occurred at Kadesh’s walls. The city was apparently destroyed at the beginning of the 12th century B.c. by the Sea People. Kadesh is again mentioned in a document from 565 B.C. as the center of a district bearing the same name in the Neo-BabyIonian Kingdom.

REFERENCES

Pézard, M. Qadesh … Paris, 1931.
Gardiner, A. The Kadesh Inscriptions of Rameses II. Oxford, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Egyptian military garrisons along the Canaan-Sinai coast and the regular traffic of soldiers marching to or from battle were a very good reason for Moses to take the Israelites the long way around the southern Sinai, to make camp inland at Kadesh-barnea, and for Joshua to enter the Land from east of the Jordan River.
In the 40th year after the Exodus, the Israelites leave the oasis of Kadesh-Barnea finally headed eastward towards the land of Canaan, and arrive at Mount Hor on the border of Edom.
Someone at Kadesh-barnea was not in the Negeb; he had to go up to the Negeb (Num.