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(both: kă`sŭng`), Jap. Kaijo, city (1993 pop. 334,433), S North Korea. A long-time commercial center, it is important for its exports of ginseng, a valuable medicinal root. There is also active trade in rice, barley, and wheat. Textiles are made in the city, and there is some heavy industry. A special economic zone where South Korean firms manufacture products for export is there; a highway connects the zone with South Korea. Operations at the facility have been interrupted at times by North-South tensions.

In the 10th cent. Wang Kon, founder of the Koryo dynasty, made Kaesong his capital; the city, then called Songdo, remained Korea's capital until 1392, when the Choson (or Yi) dynasty moved the capital to Seoul. Intersected by the 38th parallel, Kaesong served as the main contact point between North and South Korea from 1945 to 1951 and passed from United Nations to North Korean forces several times during the Korean War. The armistice talks, first held at Kaesong, were later transferred to PanmunjomPanmunjom,
officially Panmunjeom
, village, N South Korea. It lies south of the 38th parallel, the military demarcation line that partitions Korea. In the Korean War the truce negotiations, begun at nearby Kaesong, were moved in Oct.
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 (Panmunjeom). Historic landmarks include the tombs of several Korean kings, the old city walls, and the remains of a royal palace from the Koryo period.



a city in North Korea, in the southern part of the Korean People’s Democratic Republic (KPDR), near the 38th parallel. Population, 265,000 (1966). Terminus on the Sinuiju-Pyongyang-Seoul-Pusan main railroad line.

Kaesong is an important center for food processing and light industry. It has factories producing textiles, synthetic fibers, rubber footwear, porcelain ware, and other consumer goods. There is a machine-tool plant, a watch factory, and diversified local industry. Kaesong is the center of the main region for cultivating and processing ginseng in the KPDR. The Songdo Institute, a museum, a theater, and a television station are located in the city. During the American aggression against the KPDR (1950–53), Kaesong was the site of negotiations and the signing of a truce agreement.

Kaesong was the ancient capital of the Korean state from the tenth to 14th centuries. In 918 the palace of the Manwoltae rulers was built there (destroyed in 1361); it was surrounded by a fortified wall having 20 gates, including the Gate of Namda-emun (built in 1393, destroyed in 1950–53, and restored in 1955). Other remaining monuments are the pagodas of the Hyonhwa-sa temple (1018) and the Kaengjaeng-sa temple (1348) and a country estate (second half of the 16th century).


a city in SW North Korea: former capital of Korea (938--1392). Pop.: 621 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
A nine-member committee of civilian experts was reviewing the previous South Korea governments' policies on North Korea, including Seoul's closure of the Kaesong Industrial Complex in February 2016, following which the report was released, (http://english.
Moon might not be able to reopen Kaesong right away but he will follow steps toward it in the course of improving South-North Korean relations.
Immediately following the shutdown by the South Korean government, Pyongyang expelled all South Korean employees of the 124 South Korean firms then operating in the Kaesong complex.
Despite its obvious vulnerabilities, Kaesong had taken on a talismanic image by riding out pretty much every inter-Korean crisis thrown up since it opened for business in 2004.
The telephone and fax lines in the western region were cut off from Thursday as the DPRK decided to shut down the joint factory park in its border city of Kaesong, Moon said.
Supporters of the project said that kind of contact was important in promoting inter-Korean understanding, despite concerns that Pyongyang might have used proceeds from Kaesong to help fund its nuclear and missile programmes.
The meeting is to be held on Thursday at the management center of the Kaesong Industrial Complex, located in the namesake North Korean city, the official said.
Unification Ministry spokesman Kim Eui-do said, a As scheduled, the Kaesong industrial zone's subcommittee on communications, passage and customs began the talks as of 10 a.
Seoul stressed the urgency for the EU to grant "preferential access" to some products manufactured in the Kaesong industrial complex, according to a MOTIE press release.
South Korea's Unification Ministry spokesman Kim Eui Do told a news briefing that the secretariat in Kaesong, staffed by both government officials of the two sides, held a meeting in the morning.
Secretary Ban Ki Moon on Tuesday said he saw the reopening of the Kaesong industrial complex as a positive step towards normalizing inter-Korean relations that have been marred by tension.
The Kaesong industrial park was to re-open Monday, five months after it was closed amid a bout of increased tensions, under an agreement sealed in principle this week.