Kambuja


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Kambuja

 

a feudal Khmer state that flourished from the ninth to the 13th century. Its capital was Yasodharapura, now part of the ruins of Angkor. Kambuja included present-day Cambodia and part of Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, and Burma. It is known in historical writings as Angkor Cambodia. The emergence of Kambuja completed the unification of the area inhabited by the Khmer and by the related Mon, the site of the ancient Khmer empire of Funan (first to sixth centuries) and of the later Khmer states of Land Chenla and Water Chenla (seventh and eighth centuries). Between the ninth and the 12th centuries the feudal empire of Kambuja included territory inhabited by the Khmer and regions settled by the Cham, Mon, and other ethnic groups. The founder of the royal dynasty of Kambuja was Jayavarman II, who reigned from about 802 to 850.

During this period state owernship of land was extended, largely in the form of land ownership by state temples, and great power was concentrated in the hands of a deified monarch. An extensive irrigation system was constructed in the central regions of Kambuja, north of Lake Tonle Sap. Here majestic temples were erected in the 12th and 13th centuries (Angkor Wat, Angkor Thorn), forming the world famous architectural complex of Angkor. In the 12th and early 13th centuries, particularly under Suryavarman II (1113–50) and Jayavarman VII, Kambuja fought many wars of conquest and attained its greatest expansion. In the 13th century royal power began to weaken, and class struggle, manifested in peasant uprisings, intensified. The empire lost the non-Khmer areas and disintegrated in the late 13th century. The name Kambuja long remained the official name of the Khmer state.

D. V. DEOPIK

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References in periodicals archive ?
Notre Socialisme Buddhique" [Our Buddhist socialism], Kambuja, 8 November 1965.
Notable exceptions are brief announcements published in Kambuja magazine in 1965 and 1967.
Brief announcements were made in the Kambuja magazine of these two years (a magazine started by King Norodom Sihanouk in 1965 that covered royal activities, agriculture and economic progress of the country) by delegations requesting the king to perform dance ceremonies to bring rain.
BRAH RAJANACAKR KAMBUJA, "Sanghabrakas", Dassanavatti Banly Buddhacakr, num.
SOBAY, "Buddhabarisad braman jan muay lan nak cul ruam tanhae brah saririkadhatu dau bhnam attarass", Rasmi Kambuja, 21 de diciembre, 2002.
against the "troupes ennemies, a savoir les Kambuja, les Yavana et les Vijaya" satruvargga makapun kamvuja yavana vijaya.
In 1927, Karpeles launched Cambodia's first Khmer-language literary journal, Kambuja Suriya (Cambodia Sun), a monthly periodical on Khmer Buddhism, culture, and history (Chigas 2000, pp.
The first "modern" novel in Khmer was published in Kambuja Suriya in 1943 (Amratisha 1998).
The December 1967 issue of Kambuja, a semi-state run magazine and mouthpiece of Sihanouk, included a feature entitled 'Laos expansionist', which complained about the ambiguity of the RLG's attitude in regard to the border with Cambodia.
87) Huot Tat, 'Tourne d'inspection dans les pagodes cambodgiennes de Sud-oeust de la Cochinchine', Kambuja Surya, 2 (1929): 39-62.
Orang Kambuja sama seperti orang Melayu bila tawar-menawar.
Penh: Buddhist Institute, 1969); it first appeared in Kambuja Surya