a collection of daily records kept at the court of the Russian tsars and emperors by courtiers, called Kamer fur’ery, from 1734. It was initiated in 1695 by Peter I, who began keeping a diary entitled Zhurnal Hi podennaia zapiska (Journal, or Daily Notes) depicting the course of military operations in the Azov Campaigns (1695–96) and the Northern War (1700–21). After Peter I, the Kamer-Fur’erskii Zhurnal was kept containing for the most part descriptions of court ceremonies and the daily life of the imperial family. The last entries date from February 1917 and describe the revolutionary movement among the troops quartered at Tsarskoe Selo. The collections covering the period from 1695 to 1817 have been published; those of the subsequent period are preserved in the Central State Archive in Leningrad (archive 516).