(Kinki), a major economic region of Japan, in the southern part of the island of Honshu.

Kansai comprises six prefectures: Osaka, Kyoto, and Hyogo (constituting the subregion of western Kansai) and Shiga, Nara, and Wakayama (constituting the subregion of eastern Kansai). The island of Awaji in the Seto Sea (Inland Sea) also belongs to Kansai. Area, 27, 200 sq km; population, 17. 4 million (1970). Almost 72 percent of the population of Kansai lives in the 48 cities of the region (1967). Of the working population, 7. 6 million in 1965, 34 percent are engaged in manufacturing, 10. 5 percent in agriculture, 13 percent in services, 20. 5 percent in trade, and 7. 4 percent in construction.

The geographic position of the region in the central part of the archipelago of Japanese islands, the well-developed transportation network, and convenient sea routes have all contributed to Kansai’s economic development. More than half of the region consists of a maritime strip. Kansai is second in Japan in terms of the general production level after the economic region of Kanto. According to national income figures (1965), manufacturing, is the most important sector, producing 35 percent of the income, followed by trade (18 percent), construction (8 percent), and agriculture (3 percent). Most fuel, raw materials, and semi-processed goods have to be imported. Within Kansai, copper is mined at Ikuno, Hyogo Prefecture; tin, at the Akenobe mines; lead and zinc, in Wakayama Prefecture; and manganese ore, in the prefectures of Osaka, Shiga, and Kyoto.

The leading manufacturing sectors are textiles (30 percent of total Japanese production), ferrous metals (36 percent), machinery (29 percent), electrical machinery (25 percent), and chemicals (22 percent).

The Kansai region, Osaka in particular, has long been known for its textiles, especially for its cotton fabrics. Cotton fabrics and articles from natural silk are made in the cities of Osaka, Kyoto, and Wakayama. There is large-scale military production, including naval shipbuilding. Kansai has highly developed glass, ceramic, printing, and food-processing industries. Metallurgy and machine building are basically concentrated in the Osaka-Kobe region. Kansai combines modern factory and plant production with a dispersed handicrafts industry.

Agricultural production plays a limited role in the economy of Kansai. The region has to import agricultural produce from outside. However, the maritime part of the region, the lowland of Kinki, is one of the main rice-producing regions of the country; with a yield of 1. 2 million tons, it constitutes 8 percent of the total land area under rice cultivation in Japan. After the harvest, rice fields are planted a second time with barley and wheat. There are tea plantations, citrus farms (mandarin oranges in Wakayama Prefecture), and vineyards (Osaka Prefecture). Animal husbandry has secondary importance, but poultry breeding has been developed. The railroad system is electrified. Osaka and Kobe are the region’s seaports.




an urban-type settlement in Leninabad Oblast, Ta-dzhik SSR. Located on the slopes of the Karamazor Range, 49km north of the Leninabad railroad station on the Khavast-Kokand line. Population, 5, 000 (1970). Lead and zinc ores aremined there.

References in periodicals archive ?
Kansai Airports, the operator of Kansai International Airport (KIX) and Osaka International Airport (ITAMI), is working with Sita on a trial of Kate - Sita's intelligent check-in kiosk.
He left ICI Pakistan in 2008 as the head of Corporate Technical and Planning to join the newly established Kansai Paint (Pvt) Ltd as it's first CEO and at present he is the Chairman and CEO, Kansai Paint Pakistan and also the Chief Operating Officer, Kansai Paint Middle East.
We are pleased to announce that on July 25, 2017, the consortium (hereinafter the "Consortium") made up of ORIX Corporation (HQ: Minato-ku, Tokyo, President: Makoto Inoue), VINCI Airports (HQ: France, Chairman: Nicolas Notebaert) and Kansai Airports (HQ: Izumisano City, Osaka, CEO: Yoshiyuki Yamaya, Co-CEO: Emmanuel Menanteau) was selected as Preferred Negotiation Right Holder for the Qualified Project Etc.
Japanese paint and coatings manufacturer, Kansai Paint, has announced plans to further tap into the GCC's $3.
This matcha is a proprietary blend sourced from the heartland of matcha production: the Kansai region, which encompasses Kyoto prefecture as well as Shiga and Nara.
Dubai -- Kansai Paint, one of the global leaders in the paint and coatings industry, has announced the opening of its new customer touch point in Mercato Mall, Jumeirah.
Aplot developed by global Osaka-based paint maker Kansai Paint in 2010, to diversify geographially and also in terms of its products so as to mitigate the risk of too much dependence on the Asia market and the automobile sector, is slowly turning out to be a catalyst fuelling the expansion of Africa's coatings industry.
Japan's Kansai Electric has trebled its LNG fleet to three tankers, through joint ownership of two, with an eye to increasing its flexibility of LNG procurement as well as lowering transportation costs, a Kansai Electric official quoted as saying.
A freighter carrying nuclear fuel processed in France arrived amid protests by antinuclear activists at Kansai Electric Power Co.
launched its flight service Friday linking Sendai airport with Kansai International Airport serving the Osaka area, becoming the first budget airline flying to the Tohoku region of northeastern Japan.
The region of Kansai in Japan is offering cultural holidays for tourists.
5 July 2012 - Mizuho Securities (TYO:8606) and Mitsubishi UFJ Morgan Stanley Securities have been named lead managers for the planned straight bond issue of Kansai Electric Power Co Inc (TYO:9503), the Japanese utility said as quoted by Kyodo News on Thursday.