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Immanuel . 1724--1804, German idealist philosopher. He sought to determine the limits of man's knowledge in Critique of Pure Reason (1781) and propounded his system of ethics as guided by the categorical imperative in Critique of Practical Reason (1788)



an urban-type settlement, administrative center of Kant Raion, Kirghiz SSR. Situated in the Chu Valley. Kant has a railroad station 20 km east of the city of Frunze. Population, 22,500 (1971). A cement and slate combine and sugar and overhaul-machinery plants are there.



(from Latin cantus, “singing”), a type of many-voiced song dealing with everyday events prevalent in Russia, the Ukraine, and Byelorussia in the 17th and 18th centuries. Initially kanty were based on religious texts and thus were confined to monasteries and clerical circles.

The poetic style of the kant is derived from literature and not from the folk song. In the 17th century texts by S. Polotskii, E. Slavinetskii, D. Rostovskii, and other representatives of syllabic poetry, were set to music to create kanty. The texts and melodies existed in many variants; they were recorded in manuscript collections that were widely disseminated. The musical style of the kant is characterized by three-voice exposition with parallel movement of the upper voices and a common-time strophic form. They were performed a cappella by an ensemble of singers or a chorus. Their intonational structure represents a fusion of elements of the znamennyi chant, Russian and Ukrainian folk songs, and Polish melodic systems.

Kanty with patriotic, domestic, and romantic-lyrical themes appeared in the 18th century; salutatory and panegyrical kanty with fanfare-like melodic phrases, the grand rhythms of the polonaise, and exultant roulades were typical of the Petrine era. The kant became the favorite form of music of the urban strata of the population. The lyrical kanty incorporated elements from popular dance forms, primarily the minuet. While texts by V. K. Trediakovskii, M. V. Lomonosov, and A. P. Sumarokov are known, the authors and composers of most kanty remain anonymous.


Findeizen, N. F. Ocherki po istorii muzyki v Rossii, vols. 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1928–29.
Livanova, T. N. Russkaia muzykaVnaia kuVtura XVIII veka …, vol. 1. Moscow, 1952.
Pozdneev, A. V. “Rukopisnye pesenniki XVII-XVIII vekov.” Uch. zapiski Moskovskogo zaochnogo ped. in-ta, 1958, vol. 1.
Keldysh, Iu. V. Russkaia muzyka XVIII veka. Moscow, 1965.
Keldysh, Iu. V. “Ob istoricheskikh korniakh kanta.” In the collection Musica antiqua Europae Orientalis, vol. 2. Bydgoszcz, 1969.


References in periodicals archive ?
An instructive instance of how such differences function in reading Kant can be found in recent treatments of the question of the extent to which his understanding of "grace" should be taken to be Pelagian with respect to his construal of the capacities of human moral agency.
Of an Apocalyptic Tone Recently Adopted in Philosophy," and Derrida's similarly titled commentary, in Raising the Tone of Philosophy: Late Essays by Immanuel Kant, Transformative Critique by Jacques Derrida, ed.
In the final chapter, Ameriks reveals that his broader goal all along has been to demonstrate through this interpretive work the best lesson he thinks Kant and the post-Kantians have to teach us: if philosophy is understood to be a form of critical and creative interpretation (as theorized in Harold Bloom's The Anxiety of Influence), rather than collapsing in the aftermath of Kant, at this time it first became aware of its distinctive vocation and consciously adopted the unique interpretive methods that have always been the foundation of its status as a semiautonomous and progressive discipline.
Questions such as the following inevitably arise for Kant readers: if Kant adopted positions that do not follow from his own principles, then who is the "Kant" in Kant's (or Kantian) ethics?
The choice of suicide is real, but for Kant there is a transfer from the sensible to the supersensible, a 'rebirth, revolution, conversion to a life that is now .
The disciplinary Cook's tour allows de Duve to return peacefully (in his conceit, as an extraterrestrial) to the place he began - to Kant, and the problem that drives both the question and the book: how to recognize a work of art, which is really to say, how to judge one.
Kant is often (mis)interpreted as a staunch universalist whose a priori rigidity did not sufficiently allow for flexibility, moral development, or even an appreciation for the many meaningful differences among human beings in their differing socio-cultural settings.
According to Kant, one is to proceed with the idea of the soul as unifying various representations such that we can investigate causal relations between them.
Through director laxmi kant agarwal of 117/h1/232 pandu nagar, kanpur-5 as as purchasers of the other part registered at kanpur dehat recorded in book no.
Kant had submitted list to CM with names of senior SAD and Cong leaders
The book devotes significant attention to recent work on Kant by Sanford Budick, Robert Hanna, Pauline Kleingeld, Jane Kneller, Manfred Kuehn, David Sussman, David Velleman, and others.