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Immanuel . 1724--1804, German idealist philosopher. He sought to determine the limits of man's knowledge in Critique of Pure Reason (1781) and propounded his system of ethics as guided by the categorical imperative in Critique of Practical Reason (1788)



an urban-type settlement, administrative center of Kant Raion, Kirghiz SSR. Situated in the Chu Valley. Kant has a railroad station 20 km east of the city of Frunze. Population, 22,500 (1971). A cement and slate combine and sugar and overhaul-machinery plants are there.



(from Latin cantus, “singing”), a type of many-voiced song dealing with everyday events prevalent in Russia, the Ukraine, and Byelorussia in the 17th and 18th centuries. Initially kanty were based on religious texts and thus were confined to monasteries and clerical circles.

The poetic style of the kant is derived from literature and not from the folk song. In the 17th century texts by S. Polotskii, E. Slavinetskii, D. Rostovskii, and other representatives of syllabic poetry, were set to music to create kanty. The texts and melodies existed in many variants; they were recorded in manuscript collections that were widely disseminated. The musical style of the kant is characterized by three-voice exposition with parallel movement of the upper voices and a common-time strophic form. They were performed a cappella by an ensemble of singers or a chorus. Their intonational structure represents a fusion of elements of the znamennyi chant, Russian and Ukrainian folk songs, and Polish melodic systems.

Kanty with patriotic, domestic, and romantic-lyrical themes appeared in the 18th century; salutatory and panegyrical kanty with fanfare-like melodic phrases, the grand rhythms of the polonaise, and exultant roulades were typical of the Petrine era. The kant became the favorite form of music of the urban strata of the population. The lyrical kanty incorporated elements from popular dance forms, primarily the minuet. While texts by V. K. Trediakovskii, M. V. Lomonosov, and A. P. Sumarokov are known, the authors and composers of most kanty remain anonymous.


Findeizen, N. F. Ocherki po istorii muzyki v Rossii, vols. 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1928–29.
Livanova, T. N. Russkaia muzykaVnaia kuVtura XVIII veka …, vol. 1. Moscow, 1952.
Pozdneev, A. V. “Rukopisnye pesenniki XVII-XVIII vekov.” Uch. zapiski Moskovskogo zaochnogo ped. in-ta, 1958, vol. 1.
Keldysh, Iu. V. Russkaia muzyka XVIII veka. Moscow, 1965.
Keldysh, Iu. V. “Ob istoricheskikh korniakh kanta.” In the collection Musica antiqua Europae Orientalis, vol. 2. Bydgoszcz, 1969.


References in periodicals archive ?
1/2 cup olive oil 1/2 pound coarsely chopped hen-of-the-woods mushrooms 3/4 pound coarsely chopped black trumpet mushrooms 3 cups mushroom stock, from above 3 tablespoons kanten flakes* Salt and freshly ground black pepper to taste
Alen Boksic, Tony Vidmar, Arthur Bernhardt, Sergio Van Kanten
Kanten also believes that content for a writing course can be delivered successfully through e-learning without fancy graphics and multi-media.
STAFFED BY: Pam Kanten, president; and Mike Bear, national sales manager
When the radio operator tries to return to the present, he cannot: 'Hij wilde verder opstijgen, kon niet, worstelde, van alle kanten aangegrepen, ontwaakte op het harde bed, doornat van angstzweet.
Y es que la verdad vuela entre las dudas como la paloma de Kanten el aire que le ofrece resistencia pero que a la vez la sostiene.
Die zu verbindenden Kanten wurden schrag uberdeckt und anschliessend verstrichen (siehe Neuhaus 1978, 97 f.
I was on Osiris and Kanten Russell called up Jamie for me and gave him my sponsor-me tape.
New features this year at the festival include Wanda Kanten Hartfield playing a selection of Scandinavian music on a restored harmonium; Fossegrimen, a dance orchestra dedicated to performing the folk dance music of Norway and Sweden; and a booth to take photos of your friends after they dress up as Vikings - unless they already are.