Kara Kum


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Related to Kara Kum: Kyzyl Kum, Karakum Canal

Kara Kum

(kär'ə ko͝om`), two deserts, one in Kazakhstan and one in Turkmenistan. The Caspian Kara Kum or Garagum, the larger desert (c.115,000 sq mi/297,900 sq km), is W of the Amu Darya River and includes most of Turkmenistan. The Murghab and Tejen rivers flow out of the Hindu Kush Mts. to the south and empty into the desert, providing water for irrigation. The oases of Mary and Tejen are noted for cotton growing. The Kara Kum Canal carries water from the Amu Darya at Kelif westward across the desert to Mary and ultimately to Ashgabat, a distance of c.500 mi (800 km). The canal water permits irrigated agriculture (mainly cotton) and industry along the southern margin of the desert. The Trans-Caspian RR, a leading transportation artery of Central Asia, crosses the desert from Turkmenbashi (Krasnovodsk), on the Caspian Sea, to Ashgabat, Mary, Bukhara, and Tashkent. Natural gas deposits have been discovered at Derweze (Darvaza) and Mary. The Aral Kara Kum desert (c.15,440 sq mi/40,000 sq km) lies NE of the Aral Sea in Kazakhstan.

Kara Kum

a desert in Turkmenistan, covering most of the country: extensive areas now irrigated. Area: about 300 000 sq. km (120 000 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Kara Kum desert is bounded by a series of oases watered by the Amu Darya River in the north and by rivers (the Murgap, Tejen, Atrek) descending from the Kopetdag Gershi and other mountains in the south.
We no longer care what he does or doesn't do, whether it's Khazakstan or Knightsbridge, Kara Kum or Carmunnock's architectural carbuncles.
In 1991, Herrmann, a reader at University College London (UCL), was presented with the unparalleled opportunity to create the basic archaeological framework for Merv, a series of medieval cities in the Kara Kum desert.
Darvaza, in the Central Kara Kum Arch, is another giant field to be developed further.