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the language of the Karaites, who live in cities of the Crimean Oblast and several other oblasts of the Ukrainian SSR, in Trakai Raion of the Lithuanian SSR, and in Poland. Karaite belongs to the Kipchak group of Turkic languages. It has three dialects: northern (Trakai), southern (Galich), and Crimean. Karaite syntax has been influenced by the Slavic languages (for example, postposition of the genitive case of the attributive, agreement of the attributive and the qualified member in number and case, and relatively free word order). Since 1840, Karaite has used the Hebrew, Latin, and Slavic orthographies for transcribing religious texts, secular literature, and folklore.
REFERENCESMusaev, K. M. Grammatika karaimskogo iazyka: Fonetika i morfologiia. Moscow, 1964.
Musaev, K. M. “Karaimskii iazyk.” In Iazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 2. Moscow, 1966.
Pritsak, O. “Das Karaimische.” In Philologiae Turcicae Fundamenta, vol. 1. Wiesbaden, 1959.