Karakalpak Republic

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Karakalpak Republic

(kä'rəkŭlpäk`), autonomous republic (1992 pop. 1,312,000), c.61,000 sq mi (158,000 sq km), W Uzbekistan, on the Amu Darya River. NukusNukus
, city (1989 pop. 170,362), capital of Karakalpakstan Republic, W Uzbekistan, in the Khwarazm oasis and on the Amu Darya River. It has alfalfa and food-processing and other light industries, as well as a notable modern art museum.
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 is the capital. The republic comprises parts of the Ustyurt plateau, the Kyzyl Kum desert, and the Amu Darya delta on the Aral Sea. It is the major Central Asian producer of alfalfa; other crops are cotton, rice, corn, and jute. Livestock raising (notably cattle and Karakul sheep) and silkworm breeding are widespread. There are many light industries, and deposits of petroleum and natural gas have been discovered. The population, concentrated in the delta, consists of Turkic-speaking Karakalpaks (31%), Uzbeks (31%), Kazakhs (26%), Turkmens, Russians, and Tatars. The Karakalpaks, known since the 16th cent., when they lived along the lower and middle courses of the Syr Darya River, were partly subjugated by the Kazakhs; they are more closely related to the Kazakhs than the Uzbeks. In the 18th cent. they migrated to their present homeland and in the 19th cent. came under the rule of the khanate of KhivaKhiva, khanate of,
former state of central Asia, based on the Khiva (Khwarazm or Khorezm) oasis along the Amu Darya River. The khanate lay S of the Aral Sea and included large areas of the Kyzyl Kum and Kara Kum deserts. Founded c.
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. The khanate passed under Russian control at the end of the 19th cent. and under Bolshevik control by 1920. The Karakalpak Autonomous Region was formed in 1925 within the Kazakh Autonomous Republic. It became an autonomous republic itself in 1932 and was transferred to the Uzbek SSR (now Uzbekistan) in 1936. The economy and the environment in Karakalpak are deteriorating due to the evaporation of the Aral Sea and misuse of agricultural chemicals.
References in periodicals archive ?
A certain amount of experience have been accumulated in Karakalpakstan in combating desertification and there is a good experience in planting various plants especially in planting saxaul.
Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan will create a joint workgroup for saving the Aral Sea, Kazakh Ambassador in Uzbekistan Yerik Utembayev said during his visit to Karakalpakstan (Uzbekistan), according to the Uzbek media.
Skrahina); Medecins Sans Frontieres, Nukus, Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan (J.
The Supreme Judicial Council was delegated with the power of assignment for the post and dismissal of judges, except for judges of the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Chairmen and Vice Chairmen of the Military Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan, courts of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, regions and Tashkent city, as agreed with the President of Uzbekistan.
Main reserves of brown coal are located in the Tashkent, Ferghana, Navoi Oblast and Karakalpakstan region, with 1.
Some analysts note that, if Russia is displeased with the results of Uzbekistan's presidential succession process, Moscow might attempt to further manipulate Tashkent's domestic affairs by assisting separatists in Karakalpakstan, an autonomous region in western Uzbekistan.
In the current study, we conducted trials against nymphs of the Italian locust in two countries with quite different habitats: in the Karakalpakstan region of western Uzbekistan, where median annual rainfall is about 100 mm and in the two regions of Georgia: one where median rainfall is 400-450 mm/year and a second where about 800 mm of rain falls per year.
At its height the khanate ruled from eastern Cumania (modern-day West Kazakhstan) to most of Uzbekistan, Karakalpakstan and the Syr Darya river with military confrontation as far as Astrakhan and Khorasan Province, which is now in Iran.
So-called "evening museums" will be organized in State Museum of History, State Museum of Timurids History and Karakalpakstan State Museum of Art named after Igor Savitsky.
In Nukus, capital of the autonomous Karakalpakstan, Igor' Savitskii gathered an enormous collection of avant-garde Soviet art.
One of the most fascinating trips organized by the Community Liaison Office is to the Nukus Museum of Art in Karakalpakstan.
The area is in the north-western Karakalpakstan province.