Kara Kum

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Kara Kum

(kär'ə ko͝om`), two deserts, one in Kazakhstan and one in Turkmenistan. The Caspian Kara Kum or Garagum, the larger desert (c.115,000 sq mi/297,900 sq km), is W of the Amu Darya River and includes most of Turkmenistan. The Murghab and Tejen rivers flow out of the Hindu Kush Mts. to the south and empty into the desert, providing water for irrigation. The oases of Mary and Tejen are noted for cotton growing. The Kara Kum Canal carries water from the Amu Darya at Kelif westward across the desert to Mary and ultimately to Ashgabat, a distance of c.500 mi (800 km). The canal water permits irrigated agriculture (mainly cotton) and industry along the southern margin of the desert. The Trans-Caspian RR, a leading transportation artery of Central Asia, crosses the desert from Turkmenbashi (Krasnovodsk), on the Caspian Sea, to Ashgabat, Mary, Bukhara, and Tashkent. Natural gas deposits have been discovered at Derweze (Darvaza) and Mary. The Aral Kara Kum desert (c.15,440 sq mi/40,000 sq km) lies NE of the Aral Sea in Kazakhstan.

Kara Kum

a desert in Turkmenistan, covering most of the country: extensive areas now irrigated. Area: about 300 000 sq. km (120 000 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Tribes of horse-breeding Turkmen drifted into the territory of Turkmenistan, possibly from the Altay Mountains, and grazed along the outskirts of the Karakum Desert into Persia, Syria, and Anatolia.
The project is intended to collect irrigation-drainage water from agricultural areas in much of Turkmenistan in the Karashor Depression, which lies in the Karakum Desert far from any habitation.
The Darvaza Crater, an infernal gas pit burning in Turkmenistan's forbidding Karakum Desert, has long piqued the curiosity of the few tourists who make it into the country.
It appears that in 1971, a Soviet gas drilling team working in the Karakum Desert in Turkmenistan hit a cavern that collapsed under the rig.
Terrain: 80% covered in subtropical, sandy Karakum Desert, with dunes rising to the Kopet Dag Mountains in the south along the border with Iran; borders the Caspian Sea to the west and the Amu Darya River and Uzbekistan to the east; borders Afghanistan to the southeast, Kazakhstan to the north.
In the Karakum Desert in the Repetek Nature Reserve, by 2:00 P.
Winter grounds for Chinese houbara bustard populations were on the eastern edge of Karakum Desert (Turkmenistan) and in Cholistan, it added.
Overall, the length of the railway running from Kazakhstan across the Karakum Desert to Golestan in northern Iran is 928 kilometers.
Turkmenistan's Karakum Desert, an arid, sparsely vegetated expanse of sand dunes that covers more than 70 per cent of the country, a place where rain falls about once a decade and summer temperatures regularly top 50[degrees]C, seems a fitting location for the entrance to the Underworld.
According to the values measured in the Repetek Biosphere Reserve in the Karakum Desert, only 30-40% of the total annual precipitation is lost by evaporation.
Amid the arid Karakum desert, covering most of the country and known for its extreme temperature changes, one can find a huge sinister-looking pit known as Derweze or Darvaza.