Karanovo

Karanovo

 

a hill in southern Bulgaria, where the remains of ancient settlements have been found; its stratigraphy serves as the foundation for the periodization of the Neolithic and Aeneolithic periods in Bulgaria. Excavations were conducted at Karanovo by V. Mikov and G. Georgiev in 1936 and between 1947 and 1957. There are seven primary cultural levels (five according to V. Mikov) in a bed with an overall thickness of 13.5 m. The lowest level contained remains of an early Neolithic culture dating from the sixth-fifth millennium B.C.: pottery with white paintings on a red background, sickles made of horn with flint insets, grain mortars, and remains of large rectangular dwellings with stoves (Karanovo I). The third level yielded remains of the late Neolithic Veselinovo culture (middle of the fifth millennium B.C.). Black and gray glazed pottery and four-legged vessels are typical of this level. The fifth level (Maritsa culture, beginning of the fourth millennium B.C.) had gray pottery with incised ornamentation filled in with white paste. The sixth level belongs to the Bulgarian variation of the Gumelnija culture (middle of the fourth millennium B.C.). Among the discoveries in this level are houses with stoves, grain reserves, and pottery decorated with graffiti. The seventh level pertains to the early Bronze Age (third millennium B.C.). Typical remains of this level are houses with apses and black and brown pottery decorated with cord impressions.

REFERENCES

Mikov, V. “Kul’tura neolita, eneolita i bronzy v Bolgarii.” Sovetskaia arkheologiia, 1958, no. 1.
Georgiev, G. J. “Kulturgruppen der Jungstein-und der Kupferzeit in derEbene von Thrazien (Südbulgarien).” L’Europe à la fin de l’âge de lapierre. Prague, 1961.

V. S. TITOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Archaeologist Veselin Ignatov, who was involved in the discoveryry of another the chariot near the southeastern village of Karanovo, said around 10,000 Thracian mounds - part of them covering monumental stone tombs - are scattered across the country.
The protagonist, Danilo Aracki, is the last scion of the richest and most powerful family in the town of Karanovo before World War II.
The protagonist of Glasovi u vetru moves from Karanovo to Belgrade and then to Germany and North America.
Aracki, a descendent of a well known Karanovo family--scattered all over the world and now almost extinct--finds himself at a turning point in his life.
Aracki returns to Karanovo to build a home for the orphans of the latest wars and to continue his family history.
All that remains to the protagonist, in addition to "the voices in the wind," is The Karanovo Chronicle, a book that contains the early history of the Aracki family, one of few things that the protagonist brought with him when he left his country.
Una de ellas fue hallada en las excavaciones de Karanovo, Bulgaria, a cargo de H.
This Troadic horizon also shows some links to the sites of Dikili Tash I, Sitagroi I-II, and Dimitra I-II in eastern Macedonia, and Paradimi I-II and parts of Karanovo III-IV in Bulgaria.
These distinctive handles find close parallels in the Aegean and the Balkans; examples are known from Hanay Tepe in the Troad, Ftelia on Mykonos, Tigani II on Samos, Paradimi and Sitagroi in eastern Macedonia, and Karanovo in Bulgaria.
Although pedestal bases are known from other Troadic sites such as Besik-Sivritepe and Kumtepe 1a, (19) they are also present at Asagipinar 2-3 in Turkish Thrace, Paradimi and Sitagroi I in eastern Macedonia, and Karanovo III-IV in Bulgaria.
The site of Asagi Pinar, located south of the modern provincial capital Kirklareli, seemed to be an ideal place responding to some major questions concerning the Neolithic era in this region, for surveys recorded material no later than Karanovo IV, hence not superseded by later settlement activities (pp.
the Neolithic culture complex was already established in the whole of Greece and the Balkans, where there were cultures known as Starcevo (in Serbia and Montenegro), Koros (in Hungary), Cris (in Romania) or Karanovo (in Bulgaria).