Karelian


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Karelian

 

the language of the Karelians, related to the Balto-Finnic subgroup of the Finno-Ugric languages. It is spoken by 92, 000 persons in the USSR (1970 census). Karelian is divided into three dialects: Karelian, Livonian (or Olonets), and Lude. The Karelian dialect is close to Finnish.

The main features of Karelian are the presence in the phonemic inventory of the voiced b, d, g, and z, the fricatives s and i, and the affricate č (tš), and the presence of vowel harmony, opposition between short and long vowels, and consonant graduation. The morphological system is agglutinative, and derivation is accomplished by means of suffixes. The oldest text in Karelian dates from the 13th century. The Finnish Karelian epic Kalevala was published by E. Lonnrot in 1835 (32 runes) and in 1849 (50 runes). The Karelians began using the Russian and Finnish writing systems in the mid-20th century.

REFERENCE

Makarov, G. N. “Karel’skii iazyk.” In Iazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 3.Moscow, 1966. Pages 61–80.
References in periodicals archive ?
The idea to create the Atlas was put forward as early as in the 1940s, when The Atlas of the Karelian Language ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], 1997) was under preparation at the Institute of Linguistics, Literature and History in Petrozavodsk.
8) As the Finnish commander, Field Marshal Carl Gustav Mannerheim, had anticipated, the main thrust came across the Karelian Isthmus.
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For all the assimilation that many have undergone in Slavic Russia, the Karelians are still a Finnic tribe at heart,' says Marina Tsherbak, head of public relations at the Karelian State Museum of Local History in the city of Petrozavodsk, capital of the Republic of Karelia.
In addition to their small numbers, there were other Finns who crossed over into Karelia in the 1920s and 1930s (or "border hoppers"), but the two largest ethnic groups there were native Karelians and Russians, whose numbers would continue to increase as a result of migration from other parts of the Soviet Union.
Karelian burl grows in a fairly small area in mid- to east Finland.
The idea of a Karelian El Dorado ended in the mid-1930s when thousands of Canadian and American Finns experienced the same fate as Gylling, and their stories, like their bodies, were buried deep in the woods of Soviet Karelia.
22) This growth of active and collective nationalism took place only in the Karelian Isthmus, for which Russian plans to move the border westward, combined with the region's growing population, powerful social (educational and ecclesiastic) structures, and claims for equal rights in the Grand Duchy, became an acute threat.
About a third of them spoke Finnish, and the rest a variety of Karelian dialects.
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Karelian Birch Part of a Winning Trifecta Jim Dumas, owner of Certainly Wood, picked a trifecta of woods as his favorites: Karelian birch, koa and ziricote.