Karkhaneh

Karkhaneh

 

large workshops producing weapons, cloth, and clothing in Persia and Azerbaijan in the Middle Ages and the modern period.

In the karkhaneh of the 13th century, which belonged person-ally to the sovereign or to his relatives, mainly slave labor wasused. In the early 14th century, under Ghazan Khan (ruled from1295 to 1304), the workers in the karkhaneh received some economic independence. In the Safavid state, particularly in the17th and early 18th centuries, free artisans paid by the govern-ment worked in the karkhaneh. Under the Safavids, there werestate karkhaneh and karkhaneh attached to the courts of local rulers. The role of the karkhaneh later declined and their num-ber decreased. In the 19th century the term came to be used forthe first factories in Persia.

References in periodicals archive ?
Riazi-Esfahani M, Alizadeh Y, Karkhaneh R, Mansouri MR, Kadivar M, Nili Ahmadabadi M, Nayeri F Retinopathy of Prematurity: Single versus Multiple-Birth Pregnancies.
Zohreh Borzooy [1], Adrian Streinu-Cercel [2],*, Abbass Mirshafiey [3], Azam Khamseh [4], Masoud Karkhaneh Mahmoudie [5], Shadi Sadat Navabi [6], Marjan Nosrati [7], Zahra Najafi [8], Mostafa Hosseini [9], Seyed Mohammad Jazayeri [10]
D'autres approches sont aussi scientifiquement appuyees; il s'agit surtout du programme PECS (Bondy & Frost, 1994), des scenarios sociauxa (Gray & Garand, 1993; Karkhaneh, 2010) et de l'approche TEACCH (Siaperas & Higgins, 2007 ; Schopler, Mesibov & Hearsey, 1995).
Karkhaneh R1 Mousavi SZ Riazi-Esfahani M Ebrahimzadeh SA Roohipoor R Kadivar M et al.
While it was possible to speculate that Alawi was on a rescue mission of his own to revive ongoing talks between Iran and the P5+1, talks that apparently were "back to zero" according to the head of Iran's parliamentary nuclear committee Ebrahim Karkhaneh, Alawi may have also been on a GCC mission to lobby Rouhani.
5) Karkhaneh R, Naeeni M, Chams H, Abdollahi M, Mansouri MR.
Karkhaneh M, Rowe BH, Saunders LD, Voaklander D, Hagel B.
Ospina MB, Krebs Seida J, Clark B, Karkhaneh M, Hartling L, Tjosvold L, et al.
The Iranians, being coached by Mostafa Karkhaneh, also have quality players who are regarded as the best in Asia.
Zohreh Borzooy [1], Seyed Mohammad Jazayeri [2], *, Abbass Mirshafiey [3], Azam Khamseh [4], Masoud Karkhaneh Mahmoudie [5], Pedram Azimzadeh [6], Babak Geravand [7], Mohammad Ali Boroumand [8], Mina Afshar [9], Vahdat Poortahmasebi [10], Mostafa Hosseini [11], Adrian Streinu-Cercel [12]
Paykan coach Karkhaneh Mostafa was all praises as his side defended their title for the third consecutive year.