Karl Kraus


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Kraus, Karl

 

Born Apr. 28, 1874, in Gitschin, now Jičín, Czechoslovakia; died June 12, 1936, in Vienna. Austrian writer, publicist, and philologist.

In 1897, Kraus wrote a satirical lampoon, “Destroyed Literature,” against the Viennese decadents. He published and edited the journal Die Fackel (1899–1936), in which he carried on polemics with bourgeois philosophical, political, and aesthetic ideas. He published many essays and articles on literature and language and collections of satirical feuilletons and aphorisms about international and Austrian life. His major work was the philosophical antiwar drama The Last Days of Mankind (1918–19). In his lampoon “The Invincible Ones” (1928), Kraus glorified the Viennese workers who, in the summer of 1927, stormed a reactionary law court. Kraus’ verse, written in the spirit of Goethe’s philosophical lyric poetry, often approached the impressionist poetry of C. Morgenstern and D. von Liliencron. His style is filled with metaphors and contrasts.

WORKS

Werke, vols. [1–9]. Munich, 1955–61.

REFERENCES

Iggers, W. A. Karl Kraus: A Viennese Critic of the Twentieth Century. The Hague, 1967. (Bibliography, pp. 230–45.)
Engelmann, P. Dem Andenken an Karl Kraus. Vienna [1967].
Kuhn, C. Karl Kraus als Lyriker. Paris, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to Karl Kraus, 'corruption is a crime against humanity and worse than prostitution as the latter endangers merely the moral of an individual, whereas the former endanger the morals of an entire country'.
One of the greatest Austrian writers ever, Karl Kraus, said a true Viennese is chiseled from slime.
Karl Kraus died on the A487 at Penparc, Cardigan, at around noon on Sunday, June 18.
Dans cette periode charniere, il faisait une rencontre majeure avec Karl Kraus, un intellectuel polemiste qui a laisse une empreinte dans son parcours.
In his preface to Bambi's Jewish Roots and Other Essays on German-Jewish Culture, expert on German Jewish culture Paul Reitter provides an intriguing explanation of how he came to write a number of nonacademic (but intellectually oriented) review essays, noting that, among other reasons, the kinds of journalistic impulses he was studying for his dissertation on Karl Kraus motivated him to try his own hand at the genre.
La lista de escritores que tocaban instrumentos y eran capaces de escribir musica a un nivel superior al de un aficionado es notable e incluye a figuras de la talla de Karl Kraus y Friedrich Nietzsche, quien de no haberse dedicado a la filosofia podria haber sido un compositor de Lieder de la talla de Hugo Wolf; incluso Andre Gide llega a recordar su juventud cuando tocaba a Chopin al piano con mas que soltura y una de sus mas celebres novelas es una abierta referencia a la Sexta sinfonia de Beethoven.
Jonathan Franzen has translated"Spring Awakening," by the fin-de-si'e8cle German dramatist Frank Wedekind, and the essays of Viennese satirist Karl Kraus.
Well known for brilliantly insightful novels depicting the stressed state of contemporary society (Freedom, The Corrections), Jonathan Franzen here retrieves, through translation and commentary, the legacy of contrarian journalist Karl Kraus (1874-1936).
The early 20th century Viennese satirist, Karl Kraus, observed that psychoanalysis was the "disease of which it purported to be the cure.
The Kraus Project, Karl Kraus, Jonathan Franzen (trans.
To quote the great satirist, Austrian Karl Kraus, who once said around the 193os, "How do I find time to read so little?