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Landsteiner, Karl(kärl länt`shtīnər), 1868–1943, American medical research worker, b. Vienna, M.D. Univ. of Vienna, 1891. In 1922 he came to the United States to join the staff of the Rockefeller Institute (now Rockefeller Univ.). He later became a U.S. citizen. For his discovery of human blood groupsblood groups,
differentiation of blood by type, classified according to immunological (antigenic) properties, which are determined by specific substances on the surface of red blood cells.
..... Click the link for more information. he won the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. As a result of his research in immunology and the chemistry of antigens and serological reactions, he made valuable contributions in hemolysis and in methods of studying poliomyelitis. In 1940 he identified, in collaboration with A. S. Wiener, the Rh factorRh factor,
protein substance present in the red blood cells of most people, capable of inducing intense antigenic reactions. The Rh, or rhesus, factor was discovered in 1940 by K. Landsteiner and A. S.
..... Click the link for more information. .
Born June 14, 1868, in Baden (near Vienna); died June 26, 1943, in New York. Austrian immunologist.
Landsteiner graduated from the medical school of the University of Vienna in 1891. In 1922 he became a professor of pathology and bacteriology at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research in New York.
Landsteiner was the founder of immunohematology. In 1900, together with J. Jansky, he discovered blood groups in man. He discovered the Rh factor with A. Wiener in 1940. With E. Popper, he proved the infectious nature of poliomyelitis. Land-steiner’s major works dealt with immunology and immu-nochemistry. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1930.