Karlheinz Stockhausen


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Related to Karlheinz Stockhausen: John Cage, Leonard Bernstein

Stockhausen, Karlheinz

(kärl`hīnts shtôk`houzən), 1928–2007, German composer, music theorist, and teacher; his first name also appears as Karl Heinz. He studied composition with Frank Martin in Cologne (1950–51) and with Olivier MessiaenMessiaen, Olivier
, 1908–92, French composer and organist, b. Avignon. Messiaen was a pupil of Paul Dukas at the Paris Conservatory. He became organist of La Trinité, Paris, in 1931 and taught at the Schola Cantorum and the École Normale de Musique
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 and Darius MilhaudMilhaud, Darius
, 1892–1974, French composer. Milhaud studied at the Paris Conservatory. In Brazil (1917–19) as an aide to Paul Claudel, poet and French minister to Brazil, he became acquainted with Brazilian folk music.
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 in Paris (1951–53). Stockhausen is ranked with the most inventive of avant-garde composers. He frequently employed serial musicserial music,
the body of compositions whose fundamental syntactical reference is a particular ordering (called series or row) of the twelve pitch classes—C, C#, D, D#, E, F, F#, G, G#, A, A#, B—that constitute the equal-tempered scale.
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 techniques in his works, was a major developer and proponent of electronic musicelectronic music
or electro-acoustic music,
term for compositions that utilize the capacities of electronic media for creating and altering sounds.

Initially, a distinction must be made between the technological development of electronic instruments and the
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, and was enormously influential with many younger classical composers. His wide-ranging influence was also felt by a number of rock, pop, and jazz musicians of the 1960s and 70s. Often using complicated contrapuntal systems, Stockhausen's compositions are characterized by much emphasis on free rhythms, tonal repetition, dissonance, and percussive effects. He was an adherent of aleatory musicaleatory music
[Lat. alea=dice game], music in which elements traditionally determined by the composer are determined either by a process of random selection chosen by the composer or by the exercise of choice by the performer(s).
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 and allowed performers to determine certain aspects of a performance, e.g., they can improvise, begin and end at different points, and decide at what speed to sing and play.

Stockhausen's unique approach is well illustrated by his composition Gruppen [groups] (1957); in this piece three separate orchestras, each with its own conductor, play simultaneously; sometimes their music coincides; sometimes they play against one another; sometimes they play antiphonally. Among Stockhausen's other compositions are Kreuzspiel (1948); Kontrapunkte No. 1 (1953), for 10 instruments; Kontakte (1960), for electronic music; Stimmung (American premiere, 1971), for voices; and Jubilee (1981), for orchestra. His monumental Licht [light], a cycle of seven operas (one for each day of the week) with mystical and cosmic overtones, was begun in 1977 and completed in 2003. His final electronic work, Cosmic Pulses, debuted in 2008. During his late period of composition, he and his work were venerated by a small circle but largely ignored in the larger world of contemporary classical music. In all, Stockhausen wrote about 300 works, approximately half of which had electronic elements.

Bibliography

See R. Maconie, ed., Stockhausen on Music: Lectures and Interviews (1989); biographies by K. H. Wörner (1973) and M. Kurtz (1991); J. Harvey, Music of Stockhausen: An Introduction (1975); R. Maconie, Works of Karlheinz Stockhausen (1976, repr. 1981, 1990) and Other Planets: The Music of Karlheinz Stockhausen (2005).

Stockhausen, Karlheinz

 

Born Aug. 22, 1928, in Mödrath, near Cologne. German composer (Federal Republic of Germany). Leading exponent of avant-garde music.

In 1951, Stockhausen graduated from the Hochschule für Musik in Cologne, where he had studied piano; he later studied composition under F. Martin, O. Messiaen, and D. Milhaud. In 1953 he began composing in the electronic music studios of West German Radio in Cologne. Most of his compositions, notably Counterpoints (1953), Groups (1957), Cycle (1959), and Moments (1962), are the result of explorations in aleatoric and electronic music and are devoid of any significant ideological or artistic content. Stockhausen’s music, a typical example of elitist bourgeois art, has not gained recognition from the public.

References in periodicals archive ?
Hermann Conen's excellent analysis of the Einschube in Stockhausen's In Freundschaft (Hermann Conen, Formel-Komposition: Zu Karlheinz Stockhausens Musik der siebziger Jahre [Mainz: Schott, 1991], 251-56) shows that while these "cadenzas" often depart significandy from the surrounding material, they sometimes contain musical paraphrases of the musical context, leading one to conclude that they are not entirely part of a chaotic system.
Generoso promotor de nuevos y menos reconocidos autores como Luciano Berio, Karlheinz Stockhausen, David del Puerto, Elliott Carter, Olga Neuwirth, York Holler y Frank Zappa, el nonagenario Pierre Boulez fue director de la Orquesta Filarmonica de Nueva York desde 1971 hasta 1977; conjuntamente abrio, extendiendose hasta 1995, una memorable catedra de composicion, tecnica y lenguaje musical en el Colegio de Francia, que serviria de guia y despegue a muchos interesantes compositores de las postrimerias del siglo XX y de inicios del nuevo milenio, y en paralelo, fue titular de la Orquesta Sinfonica de la BBC, desde 1971 hasta 1974.
When, five days after the tragedy, Karlheinz Stockhausen mused that it was "the greatest work of art imaginable," most of us recoiled.
It's Been shown 250 times from New York to London to Melbourne and follows in the footsteps of works by experimental composers like Luc Ferrari, Karlheinz Stockhausen, and Henry Cowell.
Karlheinz Stockhausen was a revolutionary figure in 20th century music, moving composition into new territory by embracing the technology of electronic music.
I'm a fan of composers like Karlheinz Stockhausen and Pierluigi Billone.
Allan Von Schenkel and Kristen Williams, the creators of Basso Moderno Duo, who commissioned over 150 works for piano and solobass premiering music by composers such as Yoko Ono, Ned Rorem and Karlheinz Stockhausen.
Informed by the abstract arrangements of Karlheinz Stockhausen, the free form expressionism of late '60s jazz and the god-headiness of European synthesizer technologists, it's understandable that the musicians featured below found safe haven (and heaven) in California's exaggerated and otherworldly environment.
It was there he met composers Karlheinz Stockhausen and John Cage, and conceptual artists including Joseph Beuys, who inspired him to start working in the electronic art movement Fluxus.
The son of composer Karlheinz Stockhausen, Markus is considered one of the most versatile musicians, said organisers.
Argumentacao rigorosamente conforme a que um compositor como Karlheinz Stockhausen elaborou no Carre para quatro orquestra e quatro coros escrita entre 1959 e 1960, dezoito anos antes da conferencia de Deleuze no Ircam.
Posteriormente realizo estudios en la Escuela Nacional de Musica de la UNAM y en el Conservatorio Nacional de Musica, para luego tomar cursos en la Universidad de Columbia-Princeton (Estados Unidos) y otros con Jean Etienne Marie (1917-1989) y Karlheinz Stockhausen (1928-2007).