Karpov, Anatoly

Karpov, Anatoly

(ənətôl`yē kär`pôf), 1951–, Russian chess master. In 1970 he became the world's youngest international grand master. Karpov won (1975) the world championship by default when Bobby FischerFischer, Bobby
(Robert James Fischer) , 1943–2008, American chess player, b. Chicago. In 1958, he became a grandmaster, the youngest to that time. In the Interzonal and Candidates' matches in 1970 and 1971 he won an unprecedented 20 straight games to qualify to challenge
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, the titleholder, refused to agree to terms for a match. He successfully defended (1978, 1981) his title against Viktor KorchnoiKorchnoi, Viktor Lvovich
, 1931–2016, Russian-Swiss chess master. A long-time leading Soviet player, he lost to Anatoly Karpov in 1974, competing for the right to challenge Bobby Fischer for the world title.
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 but lost (1985) to Garry KasparovKasparov, Garry
, 1963–, Armenian chess player, b. Azerbaijan (then in the USSR) as Garik Kimovich Wainshtein. He became the world junior champion at the age of 16 and was International Chess Federation (FIDE) champion from 1985 to 1993. His first title match (Sept.
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. Karpov regained (1993) the International Chess Federation (FIDE) championship in a playoff after Kasparov formed a rival association and was expelled from the federation. Karpov retained the FIDE championship after defeating Viswanathan AnandAnand, Viswanathan,
1969–, Indian chess player. India's youngest national champion at the age of 16, he won the world junior championship and earned the title of grandmaster in 1987.
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 in 1998. Disputes with the sponsoring organization prompted Karpov to refuse to participate in a tournament the following year, and he was stripped of his FIDE championship. From 2005 he served as a member of Russia's Civic Chamber; he was elected to the State Duma in 2011, representing the Tyumen region.
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