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Kashan(käshän`), city (1991 pop. 155,188), Tehran prov., W central Iran. The city has long been noted for its silk textiles, carpets, ceramics, copperware, and rose water. The Ardebil carpet and celebrated porcelain tiles were made there in the Safavid period. The present city is also a transportation center. Kashan is one of Iran's loveliest cities; the skyline is dominated by a 13th-century minaret that is 150 ft (45 m) high. Nearby are Sialk, a prehistoric site, and the well-known rose fields of Qamsar, or Kamsar.
a city in the central part of Iran, in the ostan (province) of Tehran. Population, 62, 000 (1971). Railroad station.
Kashan was the largest artistic center of medieval Iran. It isknown for the production of lustrine pottery, carpets, and fabrics. Architectural monuments of the 11th through 17th centuries include the Meydan Mosque (1224, rebuilt in 1463), the Zeyn al-Din Minaret (1073), and the mausoleum of Imam-zadeh Habib ibn Musa (1269–72), with the tomb of Shah Abbas I(1629).
(also Kash), a river in Mary Oblast, Turkmen SSR, and in Afghanistan; left tributary of the Murghab. Length, 252 km; basin area, about 7, 000 sq km. Rises in the Paropamisus Mountains (the Safed Koh Range) and flows mainly to the north. It is fed by a mixture of sources, with snow predominating. The principal flow is in the spring, with a maximum in March. The average discharge 4 km from the river’s mouth is 1.4 cu m per sec. Water from the Kashan is widely used for irrigation. The river is usually dry from June to October.