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a city in Kalinin Oblast, RSFSR. It is situated on the Kashinka River, a tributary of the Volga, and has a railroad station on the Kaliazin-Sonkovo line, 204 km from Moscow. Population, 18, 000 (1970).

Kashin is first mentioned in the chronicles in 1238. About 1300 it became the patrimony of Prince Dmitrii Borisovich, a descendant of the princes of Rostov. The city was annexed by the Principality of Tver’ in 1382, and as part of that principality it was annexed by the Principality of Moscow in 1486. In 1708, Kashin became part of Ingermanland Province and in 1719, of St. Petersburg Province. In 1775 it was the center of the Tver’ namestnichestvo (vicegerency) and in 1796 of Tver’ Province.

Kashin has a flax-processing plant, a dairy, a factory manufacturing felt boots and clothing, a meat-packing combine, and a plant producing electrical equipment. A veterinary technicum, a medical school, and a museum of local lore are located here. Architectural monuments include the St. Dmitrii Monastery (Troitsa Church, 1682), the Klobukov Monastery (Pokrovskaia Church and cells of the 17th–18th centuries), and the Sretenskii Monastery; the wooden Church of SS. Joachim and Anne (17th-19th centuries); the Vkhodoierusalimskaia Church and the Church of SS. Peter and Paul of the late 18th century; and the Voskresenskii Cathedral (completed in 1817). Since the late 18th century, Kashin has been built according to a planned layout. Other note worthy buildings are the Assembly House (18th century), government offices and market arcades (early 19th century), and residential buildings of the 19th century.

Kashin is a balneological and mud-bath resort. It has peat mud and, for drinking, sulfate-chloride mineral water of the magnesium-calcium sodium type (from a depth of 117 m, well no. 12) with a chemical composition:

Chloride-sulfate magnesium-sodium waters (from a depth of 302–384 m, well no. 14) and chloride sodium-calcium waters(from a depth of 614–640 m, well no. 22) are used for baths.Illnesses treated include muscular and bone diseases, disorders of the digestive organs, gynecological conditions, and diseases of the peripheral nervous system. Among the city’s health facilitiesare a sanatorium, a water and mud-bath hospital, and a poly-clinic.

References in periodicals archive ?
As for Xi's call for exploring possible ways to establish the SCO development bank, Kashin said the proposal is 'quite positive.
It is likely that with the strengthening of China's influence in the world, we will see major new supplies of Chinese weapons and equipment, particularly in regions such as the Middle East and Africa," Kashin of the Russian Academy of Sciences' Far East Institute told Sputnik News.
Air bases inside government-controlled parts of Syria don't have long enough runways to accommodate the bombers, according to Kashin.
The decision of China and India to work together on a joint system of satellites would allow the members of BRICS to be more independent and implement more complex engineering projects in space without having to depend on US technology, Russian military expert Vasiliy Kashin told Sputnik in an interview.
If successful, the military reform will help modernize the PLA's management system and overcome the existing organizational problems still in place in the army," defense expert Vasily Kashin told Sputnik earlier this year.
Vasily Kashin, Senior Research Fellow at the Moscow-based Center for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies, estimated that the mission in Syria would have an annual cost of between $1 billion and $2 billion, out of an annual defence and national security budget of $50 billion.
The deaths could have been averted, Zamiatnin averred, if the junior officer in charge of the convoy, Kashin, had permitted the exiles to shelter from the frosts and recover in the villages along the route.
The first chapter by Vasiliy Kashin briefly covers the history of Crimea until its controversial transfer from Russia to Ukraine in 1954 by Nikita Khrushchev.
Exemplos incluem o ataque ao jornalista e blogueiro Oleg Kashin, presumivelmente em razao de sua cobertura da questao da floresta Khimki ou da critica ao Naslii; um espancamento brutal do reporter Mikhail Beketov, de um jornal local de Khimki, que apanhou tao severamente que permaneceu em coma por meses e nao pode mais falar ou trabalhar como jornalista; (40) e o punhado de jornalistas mortos, acredita-se, em razao da cobertura de violacoes de direitos humanos na Chechenia e no norte do Caucaso, incluindo Anna Politovskaya e Natalia Efemirova da Novaya Gazeta.
Putin's government system is not doomed because Khodorkovsky may someday crush it," columnist Oleg Kashin wrote on Slon.
Thus, an article dated 28 April 2012 by Vasily Kashin of the Center for the Analysis of Strategies and Technologies explicitly warned against China's growing economic, political and military power and influence, highlighting a Chinese debate in the mass media and expert sources over the switch to forming military-political alliances and stronger opposition against the West.