Kauai


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Kauai

(kou'wī`), circular island (1990 pop. 51,177), 549 sq mi (1,422 sq km), 32 mi (52 km) in diameter, N Hawaii, separated from OahuOahu
, island (1990 pop. 836,231), 593 sq mi (1,536 sq km), third largest and chief island of Hawaii, part of Honolulu co., between Molokai and Kauai. Oahu is composed of two parallel mountain ranges (Waianae and Koolau) that are separated by a rolling plain dissected by deep
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 island to the southeast by Kauai Channel. Lihue (1990 pop. 5,536) is the largest town and Nawiliwili Harbor the chief port; most of the island's people live along the coast. Geologically, Kauai is the oldest of the Hawaiian Islands. It was formed by now extinct volcanoes; Kawaikini (5,170 ft/1,576 m high) and Waialeale (5,080 ft/1,548 m high) are the tallest peaks. High annual rainfall has eroded deep valleys in Kauai's central mountain mass. Waimea Canyon (2,000–3,000 ft/610–915 m deep; c.10 mi/16 km long) resembles a miniature Grand Canyon. The northeastern slopes of Waialeale, one of the wettest spots on earth, receive an annual average rainfall of 450 in. (1,143 cm). Tourism is the main industry.

An independent Polynesian kingdom when visited by English Capt. James Cook in 1778, Kauai became part of the Kingdom of Hawaii in 1810. The first major attempt at agricultural development in Hawaii occurred there with the establishment of a sugar plantation in 1835; sugar production ceased in 2009. In Sept., 1992, Hurricane Iniki, the strongest hurricane to hit the Hawaiian islands in the century, devastated the island.

Kauai

a volcanic island in NW Hawaii, northwest of Oahu. Chief town: Lihue. Pop. (Kauai county): 60 747 (2003 est.). Area (island): 1433 sq. km (553 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
In fact, Asquith says, Hurricane Iniki might even benefit the Kauai bird population over the short term by providing new food sources for insects that eat fallen trees and leaf litter.
One of the advantages of seeing Kauai in this manner is that the tour company has contracted with private landowners to gain access to sites not open to the general public.
Meanwhile, she decided to take a little break to think about her big career move, visiting her parents, who had moved to Poipu on Kauai.
The Helios was in Kauai for tests of a fuel cell to power the aircraft at night.
We've had a strong presence on Kauai since 1995 and now, the new hotel rounds out our luxurious Kauai Lagoons resort offerings that include our award-winning Kauai Lagoons Golf Club and vacation ownership by Marriott Vacation Club.
Formal recovery operations ended Saturday, but officials are continuing to watch the beaches on the west side of Kauai for any debris that washes ashore.
By profession, he designs and operates large tracking telescopes at the Pacific Missile Range Facility on Kauai.
Tenders are invited for furnishing and delivery of one (1) only quint aerial fire pumper apparatus and related equipment for the kauai fire department, county of kauai.
HONOLULU - A solar-powered NASA flying wing preparing to test a fuel-cell system for staying aloft for days was destroyed Thursday when it crashed about a half-hour into a checkout flight off Kauai.