Kazaa


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Related to Kazaa: LimeWire, Free music downloads

Kazaa

An earlier subscription-based online music service from Brilliant Digital Entertainment, Inc., Sherman Oaks, CA. For a monthly fee, Kazaa provided unlimited downloads of music for playing on up to three PCs. An unlimited number of ringtones were also available for one cellphone. In 2012, the service was discontinued.

An Infamous Beginning
The original "KaZaA" was a file sharing service founded in 2001 in Amsterdam by Niklas Zennstrom and Janus Friis, who created the underlying FastTrack peer-to-peer technology that was also used to power other services such as Morpheus and Grokster. Within two years, Kazaa claimed a record 230 million downloads.

Supported by advertisers, the Kazaa Media Desktop software enabled users to view paid content from Altnet as well as content from other users, the latter seriously vexing the music publishing companies. Although users were encouraged to not share copyrighted material, most downloads violated copyrights. The music industry sought to close down the company, and a Dutch court ordered the cessation of the Kazaa software. However, because the Kazaa system was totally distributed, existing users could still swap files, and people still continue to swap music using programs such as Kazaa Lite and Kazaa Resurrection, although to a significantly lesser degree.

In 2002, the Kazaa website and logo were sold to Australian Sharman Networks Ltd. Four years later, Sharman paid $USD 100 million to settle music industry lawsuits and agreed to turn Kazaa into a legitimate service. Brilliant Digital Entertainment (BDE), an Altnet owner, partnered with Sharman to create legal downloads that include digital rights management (DRM). See peer-to-peer network, Napster and BitTorrent.

The Kazaa Supernode Architecture
Unlike Napster, which provided a central directory of shared files, the original Kazaa distributed its directories to "supernodes," which were the users' own computers. Supernodes communicated with other supernodes to complete a search. Users with fast computers and connections were automatically made supernodes unless they disallowed it. As a supernode, no more than 10% of the CPU power was used.

File swapping systems have been architected in different ways as outlined in the following illustrations:








References in periodicals archive ?
It may seem that online piracy has reduced but other download websites such as RapidShare have replaced LimeWires and Kazaa platforms.
The Playlist Project improves music discovery through the ability to share a playlist within the Kazaa community and also through social networking sites, such as Twitter and Facebook.
Publishers pursuing a class-action suit against Kazaa informed U.
Industry sales have plunged since the advent of file-sharing networks like Kazaa and figures released today estimate that there were 20bn illegal downloads around the world last year.
This settlement marks the dawn of a new age of cooperation between P2P technology and content industries which will promise an exciting future for online distribution in general and Kazaa users in particular," said Nikki Hemming, CEO of Sharman Networks.
With Public File Sharing, search TrustyFiles, Kazaa, Grokster, Morpheus, Limewire, Bearshare, Shareaza, and other Fast Track, Gnutella, Gnutella2 and Bit Torrent network users.
Court judge Murray Wilcox was shown how the system worked by logging on to Kazaa.
BayTSP has also said that Kazaa users have been declining since the company started monitoring file-sharing networks 18 months ago, reported Associated Press.
Employees may receive more than they anticipate when downloading seemingly harmless files from peer-to-peer networks like Kazaa.
The Netsky-Q worm--which according to Sophos is currently the 8th most prevalent worm in the wild--attempted to bring down tie-sharing websites, such as the popular KaZaA, between 8th and 11th April 2004.
But if you're planning on burning those songs you downloaded from Kazaa or Grokster, you could end up seriously burned.
I'm almost tempted to go onto Kazaa and download some of my own music, just to see if the RIAA would sue me for having MP3s of my own songs on my hard-drive.