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a folk dance (for example, the Ukrainian, Kuban’, and Terek kazachoks) written in 2/4 time, the most popular of which is the Ukrainian kazachok —a lively, gay improvised dance performed in pairs. The Polish lutist and composer S. Dusiecki (early 17th century) is credited with the first musical adaptation of the kazachok Its melody first appeared in Russian manuscripts of the second half of the 18th century. The kazachok began appearing in French ballets and was particularly popular in the 1820’s, after Russian troops were stationed in Paris. In the early 19th century it was performed in Russia as a ballroom dance. In 1864 A. S. Dargomyzhskii composed The Little Russian Kazachok for symphony orchestra.