Kedah

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Kedah

(kĕ`də, kā`dä), state (1991 pop. 1,304,800), 3,660 sq mi (9,479 sq km), central Malay Peninsula, Malaysia, on the Strait of Malacca. It is bordered on the N and NE by Thailand. The capital and chief city is Alor SetarAlor Setar
or Alor Star
, city (1991 pop. 165,113), capital of Kedah, Malaysia, central Malay Peninsula, on the Kedah River. It is a major center for trade in rice and rubber. The residence of the Sultan of Kedah is in the city.
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; Sungai Patani is an important town. Along the coast are wide alluvial plains where rice is grown. S Kedah has rubber plantations, and tin is mined in the hills of the interior. Generally level, Kedah has on its east border a mountain range that rises to 6,600 ft (2,012 m). Several islands are also included in the state; Langkawi off the northwest coast is the largest. The majority of the inhabitants of Kedah are Malays; there are also many Chinese, Indians working on the rubber plantations, and small groups of aborigines. Kedah was the center of the early Hinduized kingdom of Langkasuka, according to Arab and Chinese reports of the 6th–8th cent. During the Sri Vijaya domination of the Malay Peninsula (8th–13th cent.) it was an important naval and trade center. During the 15th cent. it fell under the domination of Malacca (see MelakaMelaka
or Malacca
, state (1991 pop. 504,502), 640 sq mi (1,658 sq km), Malaysia, S Malay Peninsula, on the Strait of Malacca. Formerly one of the Straits Settlements, it was constituted a state of Malaya in 1957 (see Malaysia).
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) but maintained substantial independence and a profitable trade with India and Indonesia. At this time most of the inhabitants were converted to Islam. After the fall of Malacca (1511), Kedah was fought over by the Portuguese, Dutch, Bugis, Minangkabau, and Siamese. By ceding PinangPinang
or Penang
, state (1991 pop. 1,065,075), c.400 sq mi (1,040 sq km), Malaysia, on the Strait of Malacca. It consists of Pulau Pinang (an island of 108 sq mi/280 sq km), formerly known as Georgetown; and Province Wellesley (292 sq mi/756 sq km), a strip of
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 (1786) and Province Wellesley (1800) to the British, the sultan of Kedah embittered his relations with the Siamese court, which was not appeased by his subsequent conquest of PerakPerak
, state (1991 pop. 1,880,016), 8,030 sq mi (20,798 sq km), Malaysia, central Malay Peninsula, on the Strait of Malacca. Perak is bordered on the N by Thailand. The capital is Ipoh; Taiping is also important. The state is drained by the Perak River (c.
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 for Siam. A bloody Siamese invasion (1821) drove him into exile until 1842; upon his return PerlisPerlis
, state (1991 pop. 184,070), 310 sq mi (803 sq km), Malaysia, central Malay Peninsula, on the Andaman Sea. The smallest of the states of Malaysia, it is bordered on the N and E by Thailand and on the SE by Kedah, of which it formed a part till 1842.
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 was created as a separate state. In 1909, Siam transferred sovereignty over Kedah to Great Britain. Before the establishment of the Federation of Malaya (1948), Kedah was classed as one of the Unfederated Malay States. See MalaysiaMalaysia
, independent federation (2005 est. pop. 23,953,000), 128,430 sq mi (332,633 sq km), Southeast Asia. The official capital and by far the largest city is Kuala Lumpur; Putrajaya is the adminstrative capital.
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.

Kedah

 

a state in Malaysia, in the northwestern part of the Malay Peninsula. Area, 9,500 sq km; population, 954,700 (1970). The administrative center is Alor Setar. The basis of the economy is the cultivation of rubber plants and rice; coconut palms and tropical fruits are also grown. There is fishing for shad and mackerel off the coast. Tin ore is mined. Kedah has primary rubber-processing and rice-cleaning enterprises.

Kedah

a state of NW Malaysia: under Thai control until it came under the British in 1909; the chief exports are rice, tin, and rubber. Capital: Alor Star. Pop.: 1 648 756 (2000). Area: 9425 sq. km (3639 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Choo added:: "We support Dato Sri Mukhriz's excellent initiative and look forward to welcoming the young Malaysian footballers from Kedah State FC to Cardiff City.
About 20 women fainted at disaster relief centres while other people ran for higher ground in northern Kedah state yesterday.
The pipeline runs from the Thai-Malaysia Joint Development Area in the Gulf of Thailand onshore to southern Thailand and Kedah state in northern Malaysia.
M Veknesvaren, aged 16, filed the suit in the High Court in northern Kedah state, naming various district and state police chiefs and the federal government as defendants, his lawyer Mr Jagdeep Singh Deo said.
2 bn JV with Malaysia and Indonesia for a 100,000 b/d refinery to be located in Kedah state (Malaysia), which was to include an oil storage centre for distribution to Asian/Pacific markets and a 20m barrel terminal.
announced today that it will begin construction of a 200 millimeter silicon wafer manufacturing plant at its joint venture site in the newly opened Kulim High Tech Park in Kedah state in Malaysia.
Also present at the launch was Tuan Haji Asmee bin Haji Tajuddin, Head of Academic Management Sector, Kedah State Education Department.
They are being investigated for murder," a senior police official in the northern Kedah state familiar with the case told AFP on condition of anonymity.
Mahathir also offers a glimpse into his private life and his childhood in a ''neighborhood verged on being a slum'' in northern Kedah State ''with its stinking earth drains and black scum floating on the water.
He said that his ministry was also prepared to hold meetings and discussions with the Kedah state government to work together in conserving the historical artifacts that were important for national heritage.
The pipeline that stretches from the west coast town of Yan in Malaysia's Kedah State to Bachok on the east coast of Kelantan State will cut transit time to seven days.
Northern Kedah state, which includes the popular resort island of Langkawi, decided in May to ban all entertainment during Ramadan next month, said an official from the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS), which runs the state.