James Keir Hardie

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Hardie, James Keir

 

Born Aug. 15, 1856, in Legbrannock, Scotland; died Sept. 26, 1915, in Glasgow. Labor movement figure and reformer in Great Britain.

Hardie went to work in the mines at the age of ten, and in the 1870’s he joined the trade union movement. In the late 1880’s he concluded that it was necessary for the proletariat to be politically independent; however, he thought that this ought to be achieved strictly within the constitutional framework and thus rejected the class struggle. In 1888, Hardie founded the Scottish Labour Party, and in 1893, the Independent Labor Party (ILP). In 1892 he became the first person to be elected to Parliament as an Independent Labor candidate. After the creation of the Labour Party in 1900, in which the ILP was a collective member, Hardie became one of the leaders of the party. Hardie criticized the aggression of the British colonialists in the Boer War (1899–1902), and he was a pacificist at the outbreak of World War I. Later, however, Hardie allied himself with the social chauvinists.

REFERENCES

Marx, K., and F. Engels. Soch., 2nd ed., vols. 38–39. (See Index of Names: Hardie.)
Lenin, V. I. Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vols. 26, 28. (See Index of Names: Hardie.)
Vinogradov, V. N. U istokov leiboristskoi partii. Moscow, 1965. (Contains bibliography.)
References in periodicals archive ?
ANOTHER FINE MESS THE conference got off to an embarrassing start after the name of the party's main founder Keir Hardie was misspelled.
The Queen and Frost/Nixon actor, 49, will read the words of Labour Party founder Keir Hardie, who was a supporter of the women's suffrage movement, at ?
Newns is one of three boxers from the area picked for the national side and will join 2014 Games veterans Reece McFadden, and Keir Hardie ABC's Aqeel Ahmed in the squad.
02 Contract Notice (below OJEU threshold): North Lanarkshire Council wishes to establish a contract for the construction of a new footpath link, widening of an existing footway and creation of an emergency access route with associated drainage, lighting and soft landscaping operations adjacent to Keir Hardie Primary School, Newarthill.
That evening there is a dinner for the Keir Hardie Society, held at Tannochside Miner's Welfare.
Byline: PAULINE BRYAN Editor of What Would Keir Hardie Say
Party heartlands, including the home town of the Jarrow March and industrial Sunderland with its Keir Hardie Way, triggered the most serious challenge yet by voting heavily to quit.
As part of an annual event held by the Cynon Valley Labour Party, Mr Corbyn will deliver the Keir Hardie Lecture, having been invited by Cynon Valley MP Ann Clwyd.
Now Lowes (pictured), of Keir Hardie Street in Rowlands Gill, Gateshead, has been locked up for three years and four months after pleading guilty to two offences of possessing heroin with intent to supply.
1893: The Independent British Labour Party was formed by Keir Hardie.
Even before the horrors of the 20th century, Keir Hardie could see the dangers of militarism.