Kellogg, Frank

Kellogg, Frank (Billings)

(1856–1937) U.S. senator, cabinet member; born in Potsdam, N.Y. A self-educated Minnesota corporate lawyer, he joined Theodore Roosevelt's administration as a special prosecutor and won several government antitrust cases, notably against Standard Oil (1906–11). A senator (Rep., Minn.; 1917–23) and ambassador to Great Britain (1923–25), he became secretary of state (1925–29), masterminding the multinational Kellogg-Briand pact renouncing war (1928), for which he received the 1929 Nobel Peace Prize. He returned to practicing law, and served on the World Court at the Hague (1930–35).
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