Kensett, John Frederick

Kensett, John Frederick

(kĕn`sət), 1816–72, American landscape painter, of the Hudson River schoolHudson River school,
group of American landscape painters, working from 1825 to 1875. The 19th-century romantic movements of England, Germany, and France were introduced to the United States by such writers as Washington Irving and James Fenimore Cooper.
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, b. Cheshire, Conn. He began painting while working as an engraver and in 1840 went to England to study. He spent some time in Paris and in Düsseldorf before going (1845) to Rome, where he became a popular member of the American art colony and perfected his technique. After a few years he returned (1847) to the United States and the following year became a member of the National Academy of Design. His delicately colored and poetic luminist landscapes (see luminismluminism
, American art movement of the 19th cent. Luminism was an outgrowth of the Hudson River school. In its concern for capturing the effects of light and atmosphere it is sometimes linked to impressionism. Its practitioners included Frederick E.
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), such as the well-known Eatons Neck, Long Island (1872), brought him fame and wealth. The Metropolitan Museum, of which he was a founding trustee, has several of his paintings. There are others in the Corcoran Gallery and the New York Public Library.
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