Alexander Kerensky

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Kerensky, Alexander Fedorovich


Born Apr. 22 (May 4), 1881, in Simbirsk; died June 11, 1970, in New York. Russian bourgeois political figure and head of the bourgeois Provisional Government.

The son of a nobleman, Kerensky graduated from the juridical faculty of the University of St. Petersburg in 1904, after which he practiced law. From 1912 to 1917 he was a deputy to the Fourth State Duma from Vol’sk, Saratov Province, heading the Trudoviki (Toilers) group. During World War I he was a “defensist,” supporting the war on the grounds of national defense. After the February Revolution of 1917, Kerensky was chosen vice-chairman of the Petrograd Soviet and a member of the Provisional Committee of the State Duma. He became a Socialist Revolutionary in March 1917. In the Provisional Government, Kerensky served as minister of justice (March-May 1917) and minister of the army and navy (May-September), assuming the post of minister-president on July 8 (21) and that of commander in chief on August 30 (September 12).

Kerensky was responsible for the June Offensive of 1917 at the front, the reprisals against workers and soldiers during the July Days of 1917, and the persecution of the Bolshevik Party. On the day of the October Uprising in Petrograd (October 25 [November 7]), Kerensky fled the capital for the front and headed the Kerensky-Krasnov Rebellion of 1917. On November 1 (14), after the rebellion was suppressed, he fled to the Don. In 1918 he emigrated to France, and after 1940 he lived in the USA. Kerensky took an active part in the anti-Soviet efforts of the White émigrés, editing the newspaper Dni (Days) from 1922 to 1932. His memoirs and books on the October Revolution are written from an anti-Soviet position.

References in periodicals archive ?
Kerensky appointed General Lavr Kornilov as commander-in-chief of the army.
Kerensky acknowledged that many cases lacked basic medical records.
Al no hallarles refugio en otro pais, Kerensky mando a los Romanov a Siberia; un acto ironico, pues justo era ahi donde los zares habian enviado a sus enemigos durante su historia.
people, by Kerensky and Skobolev on behalf of the republican government.
US President Woodrow Wilson, author of the famous Fourteen Points and a champion of human rights, saw the Balfour Declaration as a prelude to the acknowledgement of Jews' right to self-determination and pressurized Russian Prime Minister Alexander Kerensky to support establishment of a Jewish national state in return for ensuring support of Russian Jews to his government.
Perhaps no juxtaposition highlights the divisiveness of the war better than the 1917 visit of Emmeline Pankhurst to Russia, to encourage the Kerensky regime's continuation of the war, vice daughter Sylvia's overt nonconformity.
En este registro, dice el autor, Madero no fue el Kerensky mexicano; al contrario, Kerensky fue el Madero ruso; original y copia, ambos destruidos por la revolucion que llevaron al triunfo.
Mohamed El Baradei may yet play the role that Vaclav Havel played in Czechoslovakia, consolidating a 'velvet' revolution - or he could play the role of Alexander Kerensky, the exiled lawyer in Russia who became the first Prime Minister after the fall of the Tsar and leader of the moderate Kadet government, but who a few months later was shoved aside by the radical Bolsheviks under Lenin and Trotsky.
Kerensky called the film "pure fantasy," arguing that, "The conspirators created a legend that I was a member of the conspiracy and I betrayed my friends out of fear of the Soviets.
Carolyn Kerensky, a spokeswoman for Miller, said the buggies sell for $9,500 to $15,000 each.
Yet we now know that there was also the Maugham who moved in the political circles of the time, meeting and working with Kerensky in revolutionary Russia as well as Lloyd George and Rufus Isaacs.