Kermanshah


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Related to Kermanshah: Sanandaj

Kermanshah

(kĕrmän'shä`), city (1991 pop. 624,084), capital of Kermanshah prov., W Iran. It is the trade center for a rich agricultural region that produces grain, rice, vegetables, fruits, and oilseed. Manufactures include carpets, canvas shoes, textiles, refined petroleum, refined sugar, and other processed foods. Kermanshah has numerous caravansaries that are crowded semiannually with Shiite pilgrims to Karbala, Iraq. Kurds form the majority of the population. Kermanshah was founded by the Sassanids in the 4th cent. A.D. and became a secondary royal residence. It was captured by the Arabs in the 7th cent. Later it was a frontier fortress against the Ottoman Turks, who occupied it a number of times, including the period from 1915 to 1917. Nearby are the famed Behistun InscriptionsBehistun Inscription
or Bisutun Inscription
, cuneiform text, the decipherment of which was the key to all cuneiform script and opened to scholars the study of the written works of ancient Mesopotamia.
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 and notable Sassanian rock reliefs.

Kermanshah

 

a city in western Iran; administrative center of the ostan (province) of Kermanshah.

Population, 190,000 (1971).

A highway links Kermanshah with Tehran. The city is a commercial and transport center. It has an oil refinery, oil being supplied by pipeline from the Naft-i-Shah oil field. Other leading branches of the local economy include the sugar and textile industries and carpet weaving.

References in periodicals archive ?
3-magnitude earthquake hit Kermanshah November 12, killing 620 people and making more than 70,000 homeless.
The earthquake occurred in Sar Pol Zahab in Kermanshah province at 18:52 local time (15:22 GMT) on Saturday.
In Kermanshah, people are fed up with inflation, unemployment and other parlous aspects of the Iranian economy, but they are also aggrieved at what they perceive as the state's neglect of their region, which suffers those ills at higher rates than the national average.
Iran news agency (IRNA) cited a report from the medicine department in Kermanshah province saying that the toll was higher than that announced on Nov.
The hardest hit province was Kermanshah, more than 236 people died in the town of Sarpol-e Zahab near the Iraq border.
The western Iranian province of Kermanshah was hardest hit by the earthquake, which struck in a remote mountainous region of Iraq, some 200 kilometres north-east of Baghdad and 400 kilometres west of Tehran.
President Hassan Rouhani arrived in Kermanshah province on Tuesday to see the damage for himself and offer his support to those affected.
More than 300 are the victims in Sarpol-e-Zahab in the province of Kermanshah, 15 km from the border with Iraq.
They had sent condolence messages to Dr Hassan Rouhani on the devastating earthquake that struck the bordering regions of Iran and Iraq on the night of November 12, causing massive casualties in the Iranian province of Kermanshah, a Foreign Office statement said.
Iran's western Kermanshah province bore the brunt of the quake on Sunday night, with authorities saying the quake killed 407 people in the country and injured 6,700.
Under the MoU, the polish firm will carry out primary studies on Irans Sumar oil field in the Iranian western province of Kermanshah.