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(khä`frä) or


(kĕf`rĕn), fl. 2565 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the IV dynasty, and builder of the second pyramid at Giza. His face is perhaps that represented on the Great Sphinxsphinx
, mythical beast of ancient Egypt, frequently symbolizing the pharaoh as an incarnation of the sun god Ra. The sphinx was represented in sculpture usually in a recumbent position with the head of a man and the body of a lion, although some were constructed with rams'
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. An obscure king, Dedefre, may have come between KhufuKhufu
or Cheops
, fl. c.2680 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, founder of the IV dynasty. He was king for 23 years and was famous as the builder of the greatest pyramid at Giza.
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 and Khafre in the dynasty.



(Greek, Chephren), Egyptian pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty, who ruled in the late 27th or early 26th century B.C. Son or brother of Khufu (Cheops).

Herodotus describes Khafre as the continuator of the despotic policies of Khufu. Khafre’s pyramid in Giza (Gizeh), which at a height of 143.5 m is the second largest pyramid, was connected in antiquity by a covered passageway to a granite temple in the valley, where two diorite statues of Khafre have been found (now housed in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo). The colossal Great Sphinx was carved out of a knoll of rock near Khafre’s pyramid during Khafre’s reign.


Hassan, S. The Sphinx: Its History in the Light of Recent Excavations. Cairo, 1949.
References in periodicals archive ?
Close by the majestic Sphinx, an enigmatic monument usually associated with king Khafre, stands watch near his valley temple.
Abraham's Carriage House The Crown da' House of Khafre Delta Diamonds Francine's Boutique
Illustrated with striking full-color photography throughout, Newly-Discovered Statues from Giza 1990-2009 showcases the extraordinary discovery of numerous unique statues from the cemeteries of Egyptian pyramid builders (as well as the causeway of the Khafre, the south pyramid of Menkaure, and Kafr el-Gebel) during the excavations of Dr.
Not only does he seem here to underestimate the distance between the Pharaohs' Egypt and the Christian Middle Ages, he is close to legitimizing the slave labor and the pain imposed on the innumerable and unknown Egyptians forced to build funerary monuments for Cheops, Khafre, and other political leaders.
and was responsible for the mortuary cult of the pharaoh Khafre, also known as Chephren.
Making our way through the crowds of just about every nation, we edge our way down the steep narrow entrance corridor to the second pyramid built by Khufu's son, Khafre.
They belonged to workers who built the pyramids of Khufu and Khafre.
The Old Kingdom masterpieces visited usually include the seated diorite figure of King Khafre (builder of the Second Pyramid at Giza) embraced by the Horus falcon, the wooden statue of the portly "Sheikh-el-Beled," the painted limestone statue of the squatting Cairo Scribe, and the seated figures of Prince Rahotep and his wife, Nofret, with their life-like crystal eyes.
Khufu, the Great Pyramid, and Khafre and Mycerinus, the smallest of the 4th dynasty pyramids, stand today at Giza much as they did thousands of years ago.
Khafre Abif is the Director of the Children's Defense Fund Langston Hughes Library in Clinton, Tennessee.
Some evidence suggests the face on the Sphinx was a portrait of the pharaoh Khafre, the son of Khufu (or Cheops, as the Greeks called him), who built the Great Pyramid.