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(Cambodians), a nation, the main population of Cambodia. Population, more than 6 million in Cambodia (1970, estimate); in addition, there are more than 600,000 Khmers living in South Vietnam and more than 350,000 in Thailand. They speak Khmer (Cambodian). Their religion is Hinayana Buddhism.

The Khmer nationality formed at the beginning of the Common Era when numerous Khmer tribes, probably the indigenous inhabitants of southern Indochina, unified with neighboring Indonesian tribes, under the influence of the higher cultures of neighboring countries, especially India. The Highland Khmer tribes inhabiting almost inaccessible localities remained unaffected. Anthropologically, the Khmers belong to the southern Mongoloids, but they have certain Veddoid-Australoid features, which are particularly evident in the mountain Khmers. The main occupation of the Khmers is farming (rice and corn); cattle breeding and fishing are also important.


Narody lugo- Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966.
Steinberg, D. Cambodia. New Haven, Conn., 1959.
Migot, A. Les Khmers. Paris, 1960.
Delvert, J. Le paysan Cambodgien. Paris, 1961.


References in periodicals archive ?
The Khmer Rouge might have slaughtered the whole population had Vietnam, by now consolidated after America withdrew, not intervened militarily.
The Khmer lands of Vietnam: Environment, cosmology and sovereignty
Taylor's research is based on seventeen research trips over more than a decade to hundreds of Khmer villages in the Mekong Delta-Kampuchea Krom area.
The main point advanced by Taylor is that the Khmer Krom are both distinct from their Cambodian brethren and internally differentiated.
He was testifying on the first day of substantive hearing in his trial, which focused on the history of the Communist Party of Kampuchea, as the Khmer Rouge is formally known.
The marchers were demanding relief from alleged religious suppression of Khmer Krom by Vietnamese authorities, and had hoped to deliver a protest letter to the Vietnamese Embassy but were dispersed by some 150 riot police.
The riveting chapter on the fall of Phnom Penh alone makes Philip Short's biography of Pol Pot, the enigmatic Khmer Rouge leader who masterminded the evacuation and became Cambodia's dictator, worth reading.
Ben Kiernan's latest book on Cambodia, The Pol Pot Regime, provides a deeply detailed, meticulously reported history that will discourage future revisionists from claiming the Khmer Rouge were well-intended reformers who may have been possessed by paranoia from time to time and killed a few people but certainly not the staggering numbers attributed to them.
The French Catholic groups are working almost exclusively with the Khmers to prevent a repeat of earlier schisms.
Furthermore, he was in China as the nominal representative of the Khmer Rouge guerrillas, though in fct he detested and feared them and was as much prisoner as emissary.
The premier announced that while he, his government and parliament all had agreed to pay a share of the cost of a tribunal for former Khmer Rouge leaders, they just can't do it.
Duch, 68, is the first of five former Khmer Rouge leaders to face trial for their roles in the deaths of at least 1.