Khorasan


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Khorasan

(khôr'əsän`) or

Khurasan

(ko͝or'əsän`), region and former province (1991 pop. 6,013,200), c.125,000 sq mi (323,750 sq km), NE Iran. Mashhad is the chief city; other cities include Sabzevar, Bojnurd, and Neyshabur. It is mainly mountainous and arid. Khorasan was occupied by the Arabs in the mid-7th cent., and Abu MuslimAbu Muslim
, c.728–755, Persian leader of the Abbasid revolution. By political and religious agitation he raised (747) the black banners of the Abbasids against the ruling Umayyad family.
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 began (8th cent.) his campaign against the Umayyads there. The province contributed to the power of the early Abbasid caliphs. Khorasan was devastated by the Oghuz Turks in 1153 and 1157 and by the Mongols from 1220 to 1222. Timur invaded in 1383. An earthquake devastated Khorasan in 1997. In 2004 Khorasan was divided into three provinces: Northern, Southern, and Razavi Khorasan.

Khorasan

 

(also Khurasan), a historical region in the Middle East from the third to the mid-18th century that included northeastern Iran, the Merv oasis, oases in the southern part of the Turkmen SSR, and northwestern Afghanistan. Khorasan was first named by the Sassanids, who called it Khwarasan. The region was conquered by the Arabs in the mid-seventh century and after the dissolution of the Arab Caliphate was ruled from the ninth to the early 16th century successively by the Taharids, Saffarids, Samanids, Ghaznavids, Seljuks, and Khwarazm-Shahs. Until it was conquered by the Mongols in the early 1220’s, Khorasan was one of the most economically developed regions in the Middle East. From 1510 to 1736 it formed part of the Safavid state. After the fall of the Safavid state, part of Khorasan (the Herat region and Balkh) was incorporated into Afghanistan, and part into Iran; the Merv region was conquered in the early 19th century by the Turkmens.

References in periodicals archive ?
He said the MoU on promotion of tourism required promotion of tourism between the PTDC and the Pilgrims Cultural Affairs Directorate General of Khorasan Razavi Province.
Wilayat Khorasan (Khorasan Province) comprises Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran and parts of India.
Iranian delegation led by Deputy Governor for Pilgrims Affairs Khorasan Razavi province visited PTDC and discussed the Working Group related matters with Managing Director, PTDC Ch.
He said this during a meeting with a visiting delegation of Iranian entrepreneurs from Khorasan Rizvi province.
Iran and Pakistan are among those countries of the world where four seasons are available; there are innumerable historical and other beautiful places in both countries, which attract tourists from all over the world," Chaudhry Abdul Ghafoor Khan said during a meeting with a visiting delegation of Iranian entrepreneurs from Khorasan Razavi province.
Some 95 percent of Iran's saffron is cultivated in the two northeastern provinces of South Khorasan and Khorasan Razavi.
The first block of the Mashhad-Zahedan Railroad is 40 kilometers connecting three provinces of Sistan-Baluchestan, South Khorasan and Khorasan Razavi," First Vice President Es'haq Jahangari, who was on hand for a ceremony, was quoted as saying by the Tasnim news agency.
Today I have proscribed Islamic State Khorasan Province under the Criminal Code, taking the number of listed terrorist organisations to 25.
The South Khorasan Province's Tabas region is home to about 55%-76% of Iran's coal reserves, which have been estimated at 2.
Summary: Kabul [Afghanistan], Sep 7 (ANI): At least eleven Islamic State of Iraq and Syria Khorasan (ISIS-K) insurgents have been killed in an airstrike in eastern Nangarhar province of Afghanistan.
Torrential rains have been battering the Iranian provinces of Khorasan Razavi, Golestan, North Khorasan, and Semnan in the countrys general northeastern area, and Ilam Province in its west over the past days, causing rivers to overflow their banks.
Head of Relief and Rescue Operations at Irans Red Crescent Society Morteza Salimi said the flooding had claimed eight people in Khorasan Razavi, two in Golestan, and another in North Khorasan.